1. Education

Machu Picchu

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Machu Picchu from a distance, the ruins with mountain Wina Picchu behind it.

Machu Picchu from a distance, the ruins with mountain Wina Picchu behind it.

Gina Carey

Culture:

Inca

Location:

100 kilometers northwest of Cuzco

Dates Occupied:

AD 1450-1532

Architecture to Visit:

The site ruins include an area of 5 sq miles and 172 enclosures connected by 109 staircases structures, including the Temple of the Three Windows and the Intihuatana, an astronomical observatory. Agricultural terraces festoon the steep cliff walls; and getting there the old way, along the ancient Inca Trail, is still possible if grueling.

Museum/Gift Shop:

There is a traveling exhibit of artifacts from Machu Picchu at the Carnegie Museum of Natural History, many of which can be seen in the website referenced above.

Recommended Reading:

See the websites listed in the side bar for information concerning the site, particularly the Walking Tour of Machu Picchu.

Excavators and Excavations:

Hiram Bingham 'rediscovered' Machu Picchu in 1911; and spent about four years conducting excavations for Yale University and the National Geographic Society.

Why You Should Go:

Machu Picchu is a magnificent edifice perched in a high valley between two mountain peaks. It is one of the world's most fabled of ancient ruins, and a trip to South America should always include a visit.

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