House Hunting: The Archaeology of Ancient Houses
Having a home--a place to be protected from the weather or your enemies--is a long-held need for Homo sapiens. This article is a guide to how ancient house construction has changed through the ages, from an archaeological standpoint.
The term "Cliff dwellings" refers to a type of ancient house analogous to our modern day apartment block, and built by the Anasazi culture at places like Mesa Verde, in Colorado in the United States.
Desert castles are an ancient house type of Islamic fortification built during the earliest days of Islamic expansion, in the 8th century AD.
Dugouts were a kind of housing used by European pioneers as first homes as they established their farmsteads in the northern middle west of the United States.
Dugouts and Dugout Dwellings (Photo Essay)
A photo essay describing excavations and historical research of archaeologist Donald Linebaugh, into a dugout dwelling built in Minnesota in 1870, assisted by descendants of the Norwegian pioneers who built it.
An earthlodge is a type of ancient house built by the Middle Missouri Tradition people of the North American mid-continent.
Gressbakken houses are a type of semi-subterranean house which were built between 5000-1800 BC bu maritime hunter-gatherers on the arctic coasts of Norway and Russia.
Hacienda Tabi (Mexico)
Hacienda Tabi is the name of a colonial period plantation on the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico, with a very dark history.
Hill forts in archaeology describe ancient houses in villages built with defensive structures such as enclosures, moats, or ramparts.
House of the Faun at Pompeii
An elite Roman villa in the doomed community of Pompeii holds a great deal of information of about the lifeways of Italy in the first century AD.
A kiva is a special purpose ceremonial buildings used by ancient Puebloan people in the American southwest, still in use among contemporary puebloan people, where communities reunite to perform rituals and ceremonies.
Lake dwellings are houses erected atop wooden pilings on the shores of European Alpine lakes between the Neolithic and Iron Ages.
Longphorts are houses that were built by the Vikings from the ships they rode in on. Come winter, a Viking group would beach their ship, and build a temporary residence from it.
Mammoth Bone Dwellings
A mammoth bone dwelling is a very early type of housing used by hunter gatherers in central Europe during the Late Pleistocene and constructed substantially of the bones and tusks of ancient mammoths.
Oosterhout Longhouses (Roman/Indigneous Netherlanders)
At the moment the Roman empire came to the lowlands of the Netherlands in the first century AD, the Iron Age farmsteads were simple affairs, longhouses that sheltered both people and cattle.
Oppida is the word given to the archaeological remains of fortified settlements throughout Europe by archaeologists, from a word used by Julius Caesar.
Perfectly Puuc Maya House at Chichen Itza
This cute little house at the Maya site of Chichen Itza has a roof comb, one of the hallmarks of the Puuc architectural style.
A pit house (also spelled pithouse) is a type of dwelling that was excavated partly into the earth, from a few inches to more than three feet.
Tipis and Tipi Rings
Tipis were conical tents constructed of animal hide and used by Plains Indian peoples during prehistory.
Excavations at a Maya house in Belize, occupied between 200-800 AD by members of the elite class in the community of Nojol Nah.
Ancient Houses: History for Kids
A description and pictures of some of the ancient houses used throughout history, from History for Kids.