American archaeologist Albert Spaulding was one of the first and staunchest users of statistics and quantitative methods in archaeology. Spaulding was trained at the University of Michigan, and is most closely associated with the National Science Foundation, where he was director of anthropology during the 1960s, and the University of California Santa Barbara, where he was Dean of the College of Arts and Letters.
Spaulding argued that one could discover innate patterns in archaeological data by studying the data themselves. This has the greatest use in establishing artifact typologies, which are used to characterize particular cultural groups.
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