Tyre, today still an important city in what is now southern Lebanon, is an ancient city, established as least as early as the 14th century BC. During its long life Tyre has been ruled by Egypt, Assyria, Phoenicia, Achaemenian Persians, Alexander the Great, Ptolemaic Egypt, Seleucids, and the Mamluks. At the time of the occupation of Qumran, Tyre was ruled by Rome.
Front of Tyrian Shekel, Laureate head of Melqarth/Heracles
- Jodi Magness, 2002. The Archaeology of the Dead Sea Scrolls. William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co, Grand Rapids, Michigan.
For More Information
- Archaeology of the Dead Sea Scrolls
- Pacific Science Center Exhibition: The Dead Sea Scrolls
- The Israeli Antiquities Authority
- Early Greek Coins, the Handbook of Bible Numismatics.
- Tyre, from Phoenician Cities