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Champa Kingdom


Definition: The Champa Kingdom or Cham Dynasty was located along the coastal plains of southern and central Vietnam, between about AD 192 and 1832; located in the same place after the Sa Huynh culture. Archaeological settlement sites such as My Son are represented by towers, temples and urnfield cemeteries with rich grave good assemblages of bronze and gold artifacts. The Chams controlled the coast and the sea lanes between China and India. They were of the Hindu religion or had strong ties to the Indian subcontinent; many stele have Sanskrit inscriptions, and the histories list leaders with Sanskrit names. The descendants of the Champa still live along the coast, but, of course, are part of Vietnam today.

This glossary entry is part of the Dictionary of Archaeology. Sources for the term include the references listed on the front page of the Dictionary, and the websites listed in the sidebar.
Also Known As: Cham Dynasty
Common Misspellings: My Son

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