Flint knapping is the process by which stone (or lithics tools were and are today made. A flintknapper selects a block of stone, called a core, and, using a hammerstone begins to chip away at core to create a projectile point, scraper, or other tool.
Tools used to shape the core include hard percussion tools (tools made of stone such as a hammerstone) or soft percussion tools (bone or antler batons) tools to deliberately flake away or sculpt a stone tool such as a projectile point or scraper. The detritus created by the knapper is called debitage. The application of heat treatment has long been recognized as a method of improving workability.
See the discussion on Systematic Flaking for more information about identifying worked stone tools.
This glossary entry is part of the Dictionary of Archaeology.