Geoglyphs are works of art that were made from moving or arranging stones or earth or other objects within a landscape. The Nazca Lines, which were created by moving turning over sun-baked stones to reveal the unburnt side are arguably the most famous of this type of archaeological site type, and indeed perhaps one of the most famous sites on the planet.
Geoglyphs also can be carved into a hillside exposing bedrock; these types of geoglyphs, like the Uffington Horse and the Cerne Abbas Giant, are called chalk giants. You could, by stretching the definition a bit, consider crop circles and corn mazes as examples of modern geoglyphs.
A mound could be considered a type of geoglyph that involves raising the elevation of a piece of ground, perhaps but not necessarily over a burial.
Examples of Geoglyphs
- Nasca Lines of Peru
- Blythe Intaglios in the USA
- Pintados in the Atacama Desert of Chile
- Effigy Mounds in the USA
- Quebrada de Santo Domingo in Peru
- Big Horn Medicine Wheel of Wyoming in the USA
- Uffington Horse in England
- Cerne Abbas Giant in England
- Gummingurru arrangement in Australia