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Early Hominid Ancestors

The world history of the human race began about 2 million years ago with our earliest hominid ancestors, Australopithecus, Homo habilis, and erectus.
  1. Australopithecus (9)
  2. Flores Man (4)
  3. Homo Erectus (27)

Toumaï (Chad)
The oldest possible human ancestor identified so far is that of Toumai, designated Sahelanthropus tchadensis, some 7 million years ago.

Guide to the Denisovans
The Denisovans are the name of our cousins, who lived (at least) in what is today Siberia and apparently colonized the southeast Asian islands and China.

Ardipithecus Ramidus - An Ancient Human Ancestor Surprise
An ancient human ancestor, Ardipithecus ramidus, deals paleontologists a surprise, a surprise supported by intensive research into fossil animal and plant remains, skeletal analysis, and habitat investigations, all reported in the October 2, 2009 issue of Science magazine.

Acheulean Tradition
The Acheulean Tradition is an Old World Lower Paleolithic culture, dated from 1.4 million years ago to 100,000 years ago.

Afar Triangle
The Afar Triangle is the name given to the region of Ethiopia, Africa, known for the identification of very old hominid remains, especially the Australopithecus afarensis.

Australopithecus
Australopithecus is one of several species of hominid animals (human-like) who may or may not be Homo sapiens direct ancestor.

Bipedal Locomotion
One evolutionary advance for our ancestors is bipedal locomotion, that is to say, walking on two legs in an upright position. The advantages our ancestors had with doing that is mostly centered around freeing our hands for other things.

Clactonian Tradition
The Clactonian Tradition refers to the stone tools of the Lower Paleolithic period (ca. 500,000 to 100,000 BP) in Europe, made by Homo erectus.

Hominid
Hominid is the word used by paleontologists up until recently to refer to humans and our immediate ancestors.

Koobi Fora Research Project
Multiple universities at work on this ancient site perhaps dated as old as 2.3 million years, including maps, pictures of the hominid skulls recovered there, and planned field schools.

Oldowan Tradition
The Oldowan Tradition is the name given to a pattern of stone-tool making by our hominid ancestors, some 2.5 million years ago.

Olduvai Gorge (Tanzania)
Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania is an ancient hominid archaeological site in Tanzania, excavated by the Leakeys in the mid-1950s.

Osteodontokeratic
The term osteodontokeratic was invented by the Australian archaeologist Raymond Dart, to describe the tool kit of our hominid ancestor Australopithecus africanus. Great name,isn't it? Too bad he was wrong.

Predicting the Location of Hominin Sites in Africa and Asia
Researchers from the University of Bristol have formulated a method of predicting where well-preserved paleolithic archaeological sites might be located, using geomrphology, climate, and vegetation. From the ever-creative Archaeological Data Service.

Ramapithecus
Ramapithecus is one of our pre-human ancestors from between 12 and 14 million years ago.

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