Kapova cave (also known as Shulgan-Tash Cave) is an Upper Paleolithic rock art site in the republic of Bashkortostan in the southern Ural Mountains of Russia. The cave was first recorded in 1760 by P. I. Rychkov. Russian archaeologist A. V. Ryumin examined the cave in the late 1950s, discovering a mile-long gallery of cave paintings of over 50 figures, including mammoths, rhinoceros, bison and horses, combined human and animal drawings and trapezoids.
Excavations were conducted at Kapova in the 1960s by O.N. Bader and in the 1980s by V.E. Shchelinsky. Ash layers associated with an occupation in the cave has been dated to between 13,900 to 14,680 RCYBP. Artifacts recovered from the site include stone tools and flakes, bone pendants and beads, and a clay lamp.
Danukalova, Guzel and Anatoly Yakovlev 2006 A review of biostratigraphical investigations of palaeolithic localities in the Southern Urals region. Quaternary International 149(1)37-43.