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Mesolithic Sites in Europe

Archaeological Sites of the Mesolithic Period


The Mesolithic period (ca 10,000-6000 BP) was a time of change, when hunter-gatherers began to exploit fish and other localized resources. Here is a listing of Mesolithic sites in Europe.

This list of Upper Paleolithic sites in Europe was created for the About.com Guide to Prehistoric Europe. See the Guide to the Mesolithic for more information on this period in human history.

Star Carr (England)

One of the most famous archaeological sites in England is Star Carr, occupied intermittently for about 300 years, beginning about 10,700 years ago. The site lies within the Vale of Pickering in east Yorkshire in what would have been at the time a swamp fringing a lake; and as a result, the site features wonderful preservation.

Mount Sandel (Ireland)

Mount Sandel lies on a high bluff overlooking the River Bann, and it is the remains of a small collection of huts provide evidence of the first people who lived in what is now Ireland, about 7000 BC

Lepenski Vir (Serbia)

Lepenski Vir is the name of the location where a series of Mesolithic villages were built on a high sandy terrace of the Danube River, on the Serbian bank of the Iron Gates Gorge. This site was the location of at least six village occupations, beginning about 6400 BC, and ending about 4900 BC.

Smakkerup Huse (Denmark)

Smakkerup Huse is a European Mesolithic Ertebølle site located at the headwaters of a former fjord called the Saltbaek Vig on the island of Zealand, Denmark. The site dates between 5000 and 3900 BC and is important for the preservation of wooden objects and subsistence remains.

Brandwijk-Kerkhofer (Netherlands)

Brandwijk-Kerkhof Site, the Netherlands
(c) Welmoed Out 2009

Brandwijk-Kerkhof is an open-air archaeological site located on a former river dune in the Rhine/Mass river area in the Netherlands, associated with Swifterbant culture. Occupied periodically between 4600-3630 cal BC, the site is considered a seasonal camp for hunting, fishing, fowling and gathering plants, rather than a long-term residential occupation.

Swifterbant (Netherlands)

Swifterbant is actually several sites, small encampments located on the levees of a creek in The Netherlands. The sites date between ~5700-4100 BC, in three separate phases; each represents a small seasonal fishing camp, inhabited during the summer.

Skateholm (Sweden)

Skateholm is actually nine separate sites, all located around an ancient lagoon in the Scania region of southern Sweden. Skateholm includes one of the earliest cemeteries in the world.

Vedbaek (Denmark)

The archaeological site of Vedbaek is an Ertebølle culture Mesolithic cemetery site located in Denmark. The cemetery, dated about 4000 BC, included the remains of seventeen individuals laid in rectangular or oval pits.

Ertebølle (Denmark)

Ertebølle is the type site for the Ertebølle-Ellerbeck Mesolithic culture of Scandinavia.

Dumpokjauratj (Sweden)

Dumpokjauratj is the name of an Early Mesolithic (Komsa complex) dwelling located on Lake Dumpokjauratj in the Lappland region of inland Sweden.

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