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Neolithic Sites in Europe

Important Neolithic Sites in Europe


Raising crops and tending animals in Europe was a Neolithic practice that was learned by Europeans from the people who originated the ideas, in the Zagros and Taurus Mountains of the hilly flanks north and west of the Fertile Crescent.

This list of Neolithic sites in Europe was assembled for the About.com Guide to European Prehistory and the Guide to the Neolithic.

Abbots Way (UK)

Abbot's Way is a Neolithic trackway, first built about 2000 BC as a footpath to cross a lowland mire in the Somerset Levels and Moors wetland region of Somerset, England.

Bercy (France)

The Neolithic site of Bercy is located within the city of Paris, on the south bank of the Seine. This site included a handful of dwellings next to an extinct paleochannel, with terrific preservation of botanical and faunal materials. In particular, 10 dugout canoes (pirogues) were discovered, some of the earliest in central Europe: and, luckily for us, in adequate preservation to reveal manufacturing details. The Rue des Pirogues de Bercy in Paris is named after this important find.

Brandwijk-Kerkhoff (Netherlands)

Brandwijk-Kerkhof Site, the Netherlands
(c) Welmoed Out 2009

Brandwijk-Kerkhof is an open-air archaeological site located on a former river dune in the Rhine/Mass river area in the Netherlands, associated with Swifterbant culture, and it was occupied periodically between 4600-3630 cal BC,

Crickley Hill (UK)

Crickley Hill is an important Neolithic and Iron Age site in the Cotswold Hills of Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, known to scholars primarily for its evidence of recurring violence. The first structures of the site included an enclosure with a causeway, dated approximately ~3500-2500 BC. It was rebuilt several times, but was aggressively attacked and abandoned during the middle Neolithic period.

Dikili Tash (Greece)

Dikili Tash is a massive tell, a mound built of thousands of years of human occupation rising 50 feet into the air. The Neolithic components of this site include evidence for wine and pottery making.

Egolzwil (Switzerland)

Egolzwil is an Alpine Neolithic (late 5th millennium BC) lake dwelling site in Canton Lucerne, Switzerland on the shores of Lake Wauwil.

Franchthi Cave (Greece)

First occupied during the Upper Paleolithic sometime between 35,000 and 30,000 years ago, Franchthi Cave was the site of human occupation, pretty much consistently up until about the final Neolithic Period about 3000 BC.

Lepenski Vir (Serbia)

While Lepenski Vir is primarily a Mesolithic site, its final occupation is a farming community, completely Neolithic.

Otzi (Italy)

Otzi the Iceman, also called Similaun Man, Hauslabjoch Man or even Frozen Fritz, was discovered in 1991, eroding out of a glacier in the Italian Alps near the border between Italy and Austria. The human remains are of a Late Neolithic or Chalcolithic man who was died between about 3350-3300 BC.

Standing Stones of Stenness (Orkney Islands)

On the Orkney Islands off the coast of Scotland can be found the Standing Stones of Stenness, the Ring of Brodgar and the Neolithic ruins of the Barnhouse Settlement and Skara Brae, make the Orkney Heartland our #2 spot for the top five megalithic sites in the world.

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