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Persian Empire

The Persian empire was established by Cyrus the Great in the 6th century BC, conquered and changed by Alexander the Great in 330 BC, and finally overthrown by the rise of the Islamic civilization in 537 AD.
  1. Alexander the Great (7)
  2. Persian Empire
  3. Persian Empire Archaeological Sites (13)

Ancient Persian Empire: Timeline and Definition
At its height about 500 BC, the Persian empire had conquered Asia as far as the Indus River, Greece, and North Africa including what is now Egypt and Libya.

Achaemenid Dynasty
The Achaemenids were the ruling dynasty of Cyrus the Great and his family over the Persian empire, from 550-330 BC.

Persian Empire Archaeological Sites

At its height, about 500 BC, the Persian Empire under the Achmaenids ruled Asia as far as the Indus River, Greece, and North Africa including what is now Egypt and Libya.

The Royal Road of the Achaemenids - The Royal Road
The Royal Road was a major intercontinental thoroughfare built by the Achaemenid king Darius the Great (521-485 BC)

Persepolis (Iran)
The archaeological site of Persepolis was part of the Achaemenid Dynasty, established by King Darius during the 5th century BC.

Pasargadae (Iran)
Pasargadae was the ancient capital city of the Achmaenid Dynasty built by Cyrus II (also known as Cyrus the Great) in the 6th century BC.

Akra (Pakistan)
Akra is a large important site of the Achaemenid civilization, located in the Bannu Basin south of Peshawar in what is today Pakistan.

Forgotten Empire: The World of Ancient Persia - a Book Review
Forgotten Empire: The world of Ancient Persia, is an excellent introduction to the Achmaenid dynasties of the Persian Empire, its color images and text together providing a rich and tasty textured revelation of this long-lost and little-known civilization of the past.

The Medes were an Iron Age tribe located in Iran at the time of the founding of the Persian Empire.

Parthian Empire
Parthia was an early Persian empire, centered in northeastern Iran between 247 BC and AD 228.

Seleucid Empire
After Alexander the Great died, his empire fractured into numerous satrapies, one of which was the Seleucid Empire

Ctesiphon (Iraq)
Ctesiphon is the name of a very old city at the confluence of the Tigris and Diyala rivers near Baghdad in what is now Iraq.

Ali Sami
Iranian archaeologist Ali Sami was director of the Archaeological Institute of Persepolis during the 1940s and 1950s.

Persian Gallery at the Oriental Institute
Chicago's Oriental Institute has a gallery dedicated to the Persian Empire; their website in support of the gallery includes the history of the museum's exhibition and links to several OI research projects.

Achmaenid Persian Empire
Artifacts and discussion of the Achmaenid dynasty of the Persian Empire, from the Metropolitan Museum.

Achaemenid Royal Inscriptions
From the University of Chicago's Oriental Institute, an electronic study edition of the inscriptions of the Achaemenid Persian kings in all of their versions--Old Persian, Elamite, Akkadian, and, where appropriate, Aramaic and Egyptian.

No fuss, no flashy graphics, nothing to slow down your machine, just lots of solid information on the ancient Parthian empire, from Edward C.D. Hopkins.

Sasanian Empire
A great resource on the archaeology and ancient history fof the Sasanians, from Guitty Azarpay, and Jeanette Zerneke of the University of California at Berkeley.

Persian Garden
The Persian garden at Pasargadae is the earliest known garden in the world, and is thought to be the model for the Biblical Garden of Eden.

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