- The creationists' need to invoke miracles in order to compress the events of the earth's history into the biblical span of a few thousand years;
- their unwillingness to abandon claims clearly disproved, including the assertion that all fossils are products of Noah's flood; and
- their reliance upon distortion, misquote, half-quote, and citation out of context to characterize the ideas of their opponents.
Source: Stephen J. Gould. 1987/1988. The Verdict on Creationism. The Skeptical Inquirer Winter 87/88, pg. 186