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Roman Ruins

Archaeology of the Roman Empire


Archaeologists have spent the last two or three centuries examining the ruins of the Romans, whether located in Scotland, Albania, Greece, Italy, or anywhere throughout the vast Roman Empire. This page includes links to summaries of recent archaeological research at Roman sites throughout the world.

Pompeii (Italy)

If you're going to study Roman ruins, you need to start with the classic archaeological site of Pompeii. Destroyed by an eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 A.D., Pompeii has been the focus of archaeological investigations for a couple hundred years now. Millions of visitors come to the ruins each year to discover the amazingly well preserved buildings, artwork, and even people, buried beneath the ashes of Vesuvius's eruptions.

House of the Faun at Pompeii (Italy)

There's so much to see at Pompeii, sometimes you get what you might call "site blind". After while all the buildings look pretty much the same. This photo essay examines a single house at Pompeii, called the House of the Faun because of the bronze statue that once stood at the heart of its courtyard. The statue in the villa's courtyard is a replica

The Streets of Pompeii (Italy)

I've always been fascinated by Street scenes and transportation networks. This photo essay takes a closer look at the streets of the ancient city, and describes the ingenuity of Roman technology, as it is been reported in the scholarly press.

The Harbor at Ostia Antica (Italy)

One of the last great Mediterranean harbors built by the Roman Empire was Ostia Antica constructed by the Roman Emperor Claudius about 15 miles south of Rome on the Mediterranean Sea. buried by centuries of River alluvium, the city and harbor have been excavated and are remarkably preserved,delighting tourists with a daytrip from the ancient city of Rome

Julia Felix (Italy)

The Julia Felix was a Roman corbita, wrecked in the Adriatic Sea off the coast of Grado, Italy, at the end of the second or early part of the third century A.D. the main claim to fame for the Julia Felix was her cargo of glass, evidence for the extensive Roman glass trade throughout the Mediterranean region at this time.

Burnum (Croatia)

Burnham was the name of an Roman outpost located across the Adriatic from Italy, established as a legionary fortress first in the first century BC. Used by Hadrian during his Imperial military campaigns, Burnham was an important city until the sixth century A.D.

Vindolanda (United Kingdom)

Farther away from the Mediterranean lies the fortress of Vindolanda, located on the border between Scotland and England at the site of Hadrian's Wall. Established about a century before construction on Hadrian's wall began, Vindolanda is most important for Roman scholars because of the remarkable preservation of thousands of documents, scraps of paper left behind by soldiers and their families.

Vindolanda Tablets

While not precisely Roman ruins, the documents recovered from Vindolanda definitely deserve their own article. These tablets describe an amazing window into daily life in the frontiers, as that life is lived by the soldiers, their commanders and their families.

Butrint (Albania)

Butrint was a Roman colony on a small Peninsula in what is today Albania, jutting into the Mediterranean sea across from Corfu. Founded as an Hellenistic sanctuary in the sixth century BC, Butrint was colonized by Caesar Augustus in the first century BC.

Palmyra (Syria)

Palmyra is a Roman Empire outpost in the deserts of Syria, and an oasis for the caravans that traveled the Silk Route between Asia and Rome. Established long before the Romans got there, Palmyra was of assistance to the Romans in the first through third centuries A.D., in keeping control of their empire in the Middle East.
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