Flour is one of the oldest kinds of processed foods ever made: at least 30,000 years old and perhaps older still.
Blombos Cave is an important key to understand the beginnings of early modern behaviors: the latest discoveries there of tool kits for making pigment are detailed in this photo essay.
The Roman Empire had lasting effects on the Iron Age cultures of Europe, not the least of which is the low country of Netherlands.
Archaeological research at the Maya site of Ceibal have identified the remains of what appears to be the earliest E-Group in the Maya Lowlands.
Pipestone is the general term for several related forms of metamorphic rock, used for at least the past 2,000 years by Native American groups in North America for the construction of sacred and elite artifacts.
The Pyramid of Cholula is the largest pyramid ever constructed in the Americas, and of the largest in the world. This photo essay describes the pyramid, its history and the archaeological investigations within and around it.
Maple sugaring is a North American activity, but whether it was one practiced by Native Americans before the Europeans arrived is a bit of a controversy.
The Antikythera Mechanism is a complex set of gears and dials that were used to keep track of the movements of the sun, moon, stars and eclipses--and the Olympics games, says a recent report in Nature. This photo essay illustrates some of the findings of the Antikythera Mechanism Research Project.
This photo essay introduces you to the little known 15th century late Post-Classic Aztec/Chichimec capital city of Tenayuca, located just a few miles north of Mexico City and open to the public.
Nawarla Gabarnmang is a gloriously painted rockshelter in Arnhem Land, Australia, with vivid images of animals and humans, painted at least 28,000 years ago.
Glass is a transparent hard substance created by the application of enormous amounts of heat to sand or quartz. Nature's glass is made by volcanic action, superheating and creating the substance called obsidian.
A walking tour of the terracotta army of the Qin Dynasty emperor of China who united China in 221 BC, Emperor Shihuangdi.
The Yana Rhinoceros Horn Site is an important site: at 28,000 years of age, it is located north of the Arctic Circle, not terribly far from the jumping off point from Russia to the Alaska, and holder of t
In Part 9 of our continuing series, archaeologist Sureyya Kose has successfully changed her career from IT specialist to archaeologist. She describes her most recent work in Western Australia's Pilbara Desert and at Pod Hradem Cave in the Czech Republic
A few amazing pictures professional photographers have taken of the Solstice celebrations at Stonehenge
The National Geographic Society is one of the oldest continuously publishing journals in the world. Founded in 1888, the society has as its main goals "exploration, research, and scientific discoveries'. These days they are best known for video explorations of scientific studies.
An exhibition at the Brooklyn Museum in Spring 2010 offers a collection of Egyptian artifacts from tombs dated between the Old Kingdom and the Roman period in Egypt
An ancient human ancestor, Ardipithecus ramidus, deals paleontologists a surprise, a surprise supported by intensive research into fossil animal and plant remains, skeletal analysis, and habitat investigations, all reported in the October 2, 2009 issue of Science magazine.
National Geographic Expedition Week 2009's Search for the Amazon Headshrinkers is disappointing; rather than focused on the people who actually did perform head-shrinking, it's focused on the explorer and his fascination with little shrunken heads.
The megamiddens of South Africa are enormous heaps of mussel shells, deposited between 3000 and 2000 years ago, along the shore line of the Western Cape province of South Africa, north and west of Cape Town,
In May 2007, a baby woolly mammoth was discovered exposed on the Yuribei River in Yamal Peninsula of Russia. Her discovery and investigation was examined in the National Geographic documentary film, Waking the Baby Mammoth.
The documentary film Waking the Baby Mammoth contains a fascinating glimpse into life in a Nenets reindeer herding family. In this set of photos, the nomads set up camp.
An illustrated history of the coconut
Moundville is an archaeological park in Alabama, the ruins of a Mississippian chief's capital city, between 1200 and 1500 AD.
Comalcalco is a well-preserved but little known Maya civilization archaeological site in the state of Tabasco, about 40 miles from the capital of Villahermosa.