Several burials of elite residents have been excavated, including el Señor de Sipán (or Lord of Sipán), which included the first discovery of funerary assemblages that matched the clothing and accessories of individuals known from Moche iconography, fine-line ceramic and mural art thought to represent important sacrificial and religious/political rites.
New excavations at Sipán were begun in May 2007 under the direction of Walter Alva, to further investigate the pyramids, preserve what structure remains of the adobe walls, and provide for tourist access.
Alva, Walter. 2001. The Royal Tombs of Sipan: art and Power in Moche Society. pp. 223-246 in Moche Art and Archaeology in Ancient Peru, ed. Joanne Pillsbury. National Gallery of Art, Washington.
Bourget, Steve. 2006. Sex, Death and Sacrifice in Moche Religion and Visual Culture. University of Texas Press, Austin.
Donnan, Christopher B. 2004. Moche Portraits from Ancient Peru.. University of Texas Press, Austin.