1. Education

Women in Archaeology

A celebration of some of the women who have contributed to the science of archaeology.

Remarkable Creatures
Remarkable Creatures is a novel by Tracy Chevalier about Mary Anning and Elizabeth Philpot--two women who played important roles in the birth of paleontology

Breaking Ground: Women in Old World Archaeology
From Martha Sharp Joukowsky and Barbara Lesko, Brown University, a project on women archaeologists working in the old world.

Bridget Allchin [b. 1927]
Bridget Allchin is a specialist on India and Pakistan, where she has conducted research for close to fifty years, on occasion with her husband F. R. Allchin.

Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell [1868-1926]
English archaeologist and antiquarian Gertrude Bell was a phenomenal force in Mesopotamian archaeology at a time when it was largely a man's game.

Ruth Fulton Benedict [1887-1948]
American anthropologist Ruth Benedict's 1934 book Patterns of Culture remains a classic of comparative cultural anthropology used in classrooms today

Barbara Bocek
American archaeologist Barbara Bocek was at Stanford University when she wrote her two seminal investigations of bioturbation of archaeological sites by prairie pocket gophers.

Gertrude Caton-Thompson [1899-1985]
Gertrude Caton-Thompson was an English archaeologist who conducted work in Egypt and southern Africa.

Lynn Ceci [d. 1989]
American archaeologist Lynn Ceci can be credited with injecting cultural components into the study of shells.

Mary W. Eubanks [b. 1947]
American paleoethnobotanist Mary Eubanks is located in the biology department at Duke University, where she has conducted some of the most useful studies of corn biology and the origins of agriculture in the Americas.

Alice Cunningham Fletcher [1838-1923]
Cuban-born daughter of American citizens, Alice Fletcher was a pioneer in the field of ethnology, and is primarily known for her work among the Omaha and Nez Perce of the American Great Plains.

Dorothy Annie Elizabeth Garrod [1892-1969]
British archaeologist Dorothy Garrod did most of her excavation work in the middle east, and is best known for her work at Gilbraltar, Western Judaea, Southern Kurdistan and Mount Carmel.

Marija Alseikaitė Gimbutas [1921-1994]
Lithuanian born archaeologist Marija Gimbutas was a respected scholar in Indo-European studies of the Bronze and Neolithic periods.

Hetty Goldman [1881-1972]
American classical archaeologist Hetty Goldman excavated primarily in Asia Minor, Yugoslavia, and Turkey.

Edith Hamilton [1867-1963]
Educator and historian Edith Hamilton had an untold effect on generations of archaeologists, not to mention the rest of us, with her popularizations of Greek mythologies.

Jacquetta Hopkins Hawkes [1910-1996]
During her career, British archaeologist Jacquetta Hawkes firmly believed that archaeology was headed down the wrong path by over-emphasizing the pure science aspect.

Jacquetta Hawkes
From Christine Finn, an online biography of pioneer public archaeologist and poet Jacquetta Hawkes. And what a great idea this is!

Cynthia Irwin-Williams [1936-1990]
American archaeologist Cynthia Irwin-Williams was at Eastern New Mexico State University when she conducted important interdisciplinary archaeological research at Salmon Ruins.

Susan Kent [1952-2003]
American ethnoarchaeologist Susan Kent first established a considerable reputation working in the American Southwest, most importantly on irrigation techniques of the pueblo peoples.

Kathleen Mary Kenyon [1906-1978]
English archaeologist Kathleen Kenyon is perhaps best known for excavating at Jericho.

Alice Kober [1906-1950]
Alice Kober's awesome abilities made it possible for Michael Ventris to decipher the complex writing system known as Linear B.

Frederica Annis Lopez de Leo de Laguna [1906-2004]
American ethnologist and archaeologist Frederica de Laguna was influential in the studies of the American northwest and Alaska.

Winifred Lamb [1894-1963]
Classical archaeologist and museum curator Winifred Lamb conducted work at several sites in the Aegean and Turkey, looking for connections between the islands and the Anatolian mainland.

Mary Douglas Nicol Leakey [1913-1996]
British paleontologist Mary Leakey found the Zinjanthropus skull (later renamed Australopithecus), and in 1972 discovered the famous Laetoli footprints.

Joyce Marcus
American archaeologist and epigrapher Joyce Marcus has been associated with the University of Michigan's Museum of Anthropology since 1985

Betty Jane Meggers [b. 1921]
American archaeologist Betty Meggers is probably best known for her extensive work conducted in association with her husband Clifford Evans in the South American continent.

Barbara Mertz [b. 1927]
American Egyptologist Barbara Mertz is best known for her numerous archaeologically-related novels, including a long-running series on the fictional Egyptologist family of Amelia Peabody and Radcliffe Emerson.

Ann Axtell Morris [1900-1945]
American archaeologist Ann Axtell Morris excavated in the southwestern US and Mexico's Yucatan peninsula with her husband Earl Halstead Morris.

Elizabeth Ann Morris [b. 1932]
Although Elizabeth Ann Morris was born to archaeologists Earl and Ann Morris in 1932, she took a while to follow in her parent's footsteps.

Mildred Mott Wedel [1912-1995]
American archaeologist Mildred Mott Wedel was a pioneer of ethnohistorical studies in the American midwest.

Deborah M. Pearsall [b. 1950]
American archaeologist Deborah M. Pearsall has dedicated much of her professional life to the study of paleoethnobotany, specifically the examination of opal phytoliths in archaeological contexts.

Jacqueline Pirenne [1918-1990]
French archaeologist Jacqueline Pirenne spent much of her career excavating in South Arabia, especially in Yemen and Ethiopia.

Tatiana Avenirovna Proskouriakoff [1909-1985]
Russian born Tatiana Proskouriakoff was a pioneer archaeologist, who combined her facility in ethnohistory, art, architecture and archaeology to produce a remarkable written documentation of the Maya civilization.

Maria Reiche [1903-1998]
German mathemetician Maria Reiche spent her life investigating the geoglphyhs in the Peruvian desert called the Nasca Lines.

Merrilee H. Salmon [b. 1935]
American archaeologist Merrilee Salmon is one of the few true philosophers of our profession.

Linda Schele [1942-1998]
American art historian and epigrapher Linda Schele wasfirst and foremost an artist, but when she saw Palenque in 1970, she turned her remarkable talents towards recording Mesoamerican steles and hieroglyphs, most notably Maya stele.

Susan E. Shennan
In the mid 1970s, British archaeologist Susan Shennan conducted excavations at Unétice cemetery at Branč, Hungary.

Olga Soffer [b. 1944]
American archaeologist Olga Soffer came to archaeology from a diverse background, to say the least.

Julie K. Stein
American archaeologist Julie K. Stein is probably best known for her active embrace of the modern brand of empirical geological theory as a basic underpinning of archaeology.

Kathy Diane Schick
Kathy Schick is one of the pioneers of the study of taphonomy and related investigations of the Oldowan culture of Africa.

Myriam Noemi Tarragó
Myriam N. Tarragó is an archaeologist from Argentina, best known for her work on colonial societies in Buenos Aires.

Margaret E. Ashley Towle [1902-1985]
Margaret Towle was a pioneer ethnobotanist, who in 1961 published the classic book called The Ethnobotany of Precolumbian Peru, providing information on the plants used by cultures of the north coast

Ruth E. Tringham
British archaeologist Ruth Tringham's career has been primarily focused on the neolithic and chalcolithic communities of eastern Europe

Elisabeth Vrba
South African paleontologist Elisabeth Vrba is best known for her theory concerning the process of evolution called the Turnover Pulse Hypothesis.

Barbara Voorhies
American archaeologist Barbara Voorhies is best known for her work on the shell mound archaic of coastal Mexico

Christine D. White [b. 1951]
Canadian bioarchaeologist Christine White has published extensively on work on paleodiets and related physical anthropological studies in Mesoamerica

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