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Archaeology: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
What Is History, Anyway? A Handful of...
Drop in on a collection of quotes from historians--some professional, some decidedly not--trying their hand at defining the dark art of history.
What Does A.D. Mean, Anyway?
The initials A.D. (used with or without periods) is an abbreviation for the Latin
When Did People Begin Using and Controlling Fire?
The discovery of fire was one of the earliest discoveries of humans. Fire's purposes are multiple, some of which are to add light and heat, to cook plants and animals, to clear forests for planting, to heat-treat stone for making stone tools, to burn clay for ceramic objects.
Where Was the Ancient City of Babylon?
The archaeological site of Babylon was the capital of a small city state of Mesopotamia, named Babylonia, located in what is now Iraq, near the modern town of Hilla.
Why Don't Archaeologists Use the Term...
Cro-Magnons are what scholars now call Anatomically Modern Humans or Early Modern Humans, mostly because Cro-Magnon refers to to a specific archaeological site which isn't really typical of the rest
The 10 Most Important Aztec Gods and Goddesses
Learn more about the most important Aztec gods and and the religion of the Aztec people
When and Where Was the Grapevine First...
The history of the modern grapevine is difficult to figure out scientifically--because it's been the focus of experimentation for 8,000 years or more.
What Can Archaeology Tell Us About Who Aryans...
The Aryan Invasion Myth was developed in the late 19th century to explain the blossoming of the Indus River Civilization; but it stems from a flawed argument and old fashioned racist supremacism.
Here's How Cattle Came to Be Domesticated -...
The history of the relationship between humans and cattle is a long and varied one, with at least two and perhaps three domestication events.
What is the Evidence for a 6th Century Fog...
The dust veil of AD 536 was a period of a year to 18 months when the world experienced some kind of calamity, and historic records and dendrochronological records from around the world hold the evidence.
Is Your Cat Truly Domesticated? According to...
The modern day cat was permanently domesticated about 4000 years ago, in Egypt; but archaeologists say it may have been closer to 10,000 years ago.
How the Dog Came to Be Domesticated
When and where the partnership of dog and humans first occurred is currently under considerable debate.
What Does the Abbreviation 'BP' Stand for in...
Archaeologists use the term 'BP' to mean 'years before humans began to screw up the atmosphere by testing nuclear devices'.
The Origins of Agriculture Around the World
The history of farming begins some 12,000 years ago, in the hilly flanks of the Zagros Mountains of southwest Asia
Interested in a Career in Archaeology? Read...
Have you always dreamed of being an archaeologist, but don't know how to become one? To become an archaeologist takes education, reading, training, and persistence. Here's how you can get started exploring that dream job
What Genius Culture First Thought of Fermenting...
Wine is an alcoholic beverage made from grapes; and may have been invented nearly 9,000 years ago in China....
Animal Domestication: When and Where It First...
Domestication is the process of genetically adapting an animal or plant to better suit the needs of human beings; this page includes a definition of domestication and a table of domestication dates for animals in the world.
What is the Scientific Evidence for Cannibalism...
El Sidron is an archaeological site in the Asturias region of northern Spain where the remains of at least 12 Neanderthals have been recovered.
What was Life in Europe Like Before Farming?
The Mesolithic period in European history includes the history of the complex hunter-gatherers who developed the technology to cultivate crops.
Traveling the Silk Road - A Photo Essay of the...
A photo essay on the archaeological sites and cities of the ancient Silk Road, in celebration of an exhibit at the American Museum of Natural History.
Who doesn't want to be an archaeologist when...
What kind of real-life career choices do I have with a degree in archaeology?
The Secret Innovations and Inventions of...
Ancient farming methods used by farmers throughout the world varied quite a bit. Farmers developed many ways to maintain soils, ward off frost and freeze cycles and protect their crops from animals. On this page you'll find core concept definitions, articles on examples of archaeological research into ancient farming, detailed examination of some special farming techniques and bibliographies of related topics.
What Is a Hominin and How Is It Different from...
Learn more about the Homininae subfamily, including Hominini (humans and their ancestors), Panini (chimps), and Gorillini (gorillas).
Was the Upper Paleolithic the Height of...
The Upper Paleolithic period saw great changes in the world as Homo sapiens became the only hominid running around on our planet.
A Beginner's Guide to the Stone Age
A definition and chronology of the Stone Age (more commonly known to scholars as the Paleolithic era), which in human prehistory is the name given to the period between about 2.5 million and 20,000 years ago.
The Long History of Humans Taming Plants on...
A collection of plant histories, when and where humans domesticated them, with a table of dates and places and links to the stories themselves.
Here's How Chickens Became Domesticated
The history of chickens and when they were domesticated is something of a puzzle, but most likely it was about 8,000 years ago in Thailand.
Was Otzi the Iceman a Victim of Ritual...
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Considering a Career in Archaeology? Read These...
What kind of job can I get in archaeology? Does it pay well? Do you have to work when it's hot? These are the questions that everyone who is thinking about being an archaeologist wants to know.
Myth-busting About Arrowheads
Arrowheads are often the subject of a number of myths, legends and misconceptions; here is a description of the top myths and the top unknown facts.
Out of Africa Hypothesis
The Out of Africa or African Replacement Hypothesis argues that every living human being is descended from a small group in Africa.
The Very Opposite of Monocultural Agriculture...
Mixed cropping, also known as inter-cropping or co-cultivation, is a type of agriculture that involves planting two or more of plants simultaneously in the same field.
The Collapse of Angkor
The end of the Khmer Empire (or Angkor civilization) came about as a direct result of the civilization's inability to adapt to an extended drought brought about by climate change.
What Scientists Have Learned about the Ancient...
The avocado (Persea americana) is a plant domesticated by ancient Americans, discovered and cultivated in central Mexico perhaps 7,000 years ago.
What You Need to Know About the Early Stone Age
The Lower Paleolithic period (2.7 million to 200,000 years ago) is the first archaeology, that is to say, that period when the first evidence of what scientists consider human behaviors occurred.
What Alchemy Did it Take to Make Medieval...
Damascus steel, the legendary steel blade scimitar of the Islamic side in the Crusades, was a formidable piece of weaponry for the middle ages. Modern science has given us new insights into how this iron metal was forged, and why this useful technology became lost.
Archaeology of the Minotaur, Ariadne and Daedalus
The Palace of Minos, excavated by Arthur Evans, is a standard Minoan palace of extraordinary size, begun during the prepalatial period of the Minoan civilization.
Who Was the Famous Dancing Girl of Mohenjo-Daro?
A 4500 year old statuette of a lovely girl from the ancient Harappan town of Mohenjo-Daro dances across space and time into our imaginations.
What You've Always Wanted to Know about Otzi...
The Iceman is the name of a 5,300-year-old human body discovered high in the Swiss/Italian Alps in 1991.
What Science Has Learned about the Roots of...
The Ubaidian or Ubaid culture was a widespread shared set of traits and behaviors that predated the urban flowering of Mesopotamia.
Natufian Period
The Natufian culture is the name given to the sedentary hunter-gatherers living in the Levant region of the near east between about 12,500 and 10,200 years ago.
Archaeology is the Study of ... What?
What is Archaeology? The study of archaeology has been defined in a number of silly and serious ways. Here's a collection of pithy quotes from archaeologists and non-archaeologists.
What Society Cultivated Wheat First?
Wheat was one of the very first crops domesticated by our ancestors, some 10,000 years ago in southeastern Turkey.
Why Would Anybody Try to Domesticate a Goat?
Beginning about 10,500 years ago, Neolithic people started keeping goats, for their milk, meat, dung, wool... but maybe not their sweet natures.
When was the Common Bean Domesticated? And Who...
The common bean comes in a multitude of colors shapes and sizes, and as you've no doubt been told, they're really good for you. They are an American domesticate, and their domestication history is an interesting one...
Why Have Scientists Changed What We Call the...
Hominid is the word used by paleontologists to refer to humans and our immediate ancestors: but a growing majority are using the word hominin instead.
The Legend of the Aztec God of War and Sacrifice
Huitzilopochtli, the Aztec god of war and sacrifice, learn more about Aztec mythology and religion
Did Amelia Earhart Crashland on a Pacific...
The TIGHAR project searching for traces of Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan was begun in the 1980s, and the earliest archaeological investigations were focused on Nikumaroro island. Page 2.
If You Could be a Viking, Would You Be a...
Viking society was highly stratified, with three distinct classes, from slave to aristocracy; and clearly defined professions that described life.
What is the Kennewick Man Controversy About?
The Kennewick Man controversy began with a couple of guys sneaking into a boat race; but the saga includes all of what modern archaeology is about, including science, religion, and indigenous people's rights. This series discusses the Kennewick findings, the issues at stake and the progress of the court case.
Chaac
Chaac, was the Mayan god of rain, water and lightning. His origins are very ancient and he was worshiped all over the Maya area...
Cultural Evolution
Cultural evolution is the theory that culture changes over time as an adaptive response to stimulus.
Angkor or Khmer Empire Ruled Southeast Asia...
The Angkor Civilization (or Khmer Civilization) is the name given to an important civilization of southeast Asia, including all of Cambodia and southeastern Thailand and northern Vietnam
Maya Civilization Quiz
A trivia quiz about the Maya civilization: sans serif font tour of chichen itza architecture maya maya resources maya codices
How Ancient Civilizations Used Bitumen (AKA Tar)
Bitumen is a naturally-occurring organic byproduct of decomposed organic materials used by humans for many very useful things for the past 40,000 years.
Did the Aztecs Really Think Cortes was the...
The Aztec god Quetzalcoatl, the Feathered Serpent, is one of the most famous pre-Columbian deity and his cult was widespread in many Mesoamerican cultures.
Great Zimbabwe, the Great Stone House of the...
Great Zimbabwe is an important African Iron Age site, one of hundreds of such sites in Zimbabwe, Botswana and South Africa dated between the 10th and 15th centuries AD.
Legends of the Maya God of Creation, Itzamna
Itzamna is one of the most important ancient Maya gods. He was considered the god of creation and the inventor of writing, and divination...
Who Were the First People Who Arrived in the...
Pre-Clovis is the name archaeologists have given to the oldest and now fairly well-established human occupations of the Americas.
Clovis May Not Have Been First in the Americas,...
Clovis refers to mobile big game hunters who roamed the Americas hunting elephants and bison for a very brief time 12,000 years ago.
Ochre is the First Pigment Known to Have Been...
The natural yellow-red-brown pigment known as ochre was humankind's first paint pot, used by our hominid ancestors nearly 300,000 years ago.
Pit Houses: Warm in the Winters and Cool in the...
A pit house (also spelled pithouse) is a type of dwelling that was excavated partly into the earth, from a few inches to more than three feet.
Is the history of the Inca written in knotted...
The quipu (also spelled khipu or quipo) is the only known precolumbian information system in South America.
8,000 Years of Drinking Milk: The Evidence and...
Dairy farming--the tending of cattle, sheep, goats, horses, and camels for the use of their milk and milk products--is at least 9,000 years old.
Mehrgarh (Pakistan)
Mehrgarh is a Neolithic (7000-3200 BC) site on the Kachi plain of Baluchistan, Pakistan, and one of the earliest sites with evidence of farming (wheat and barley) and herding (cattle, sheep and goats) in south Asia.
How the Kingdom of Aksum Flourished in Ethiopia
The Kingdom of Aksum (first through sixth centuries AD) was one of the most powerful kingdoms in sub-Saharan Africa, connecting the Roman empire and the rest of the world in the region of the Red Sea.
What Occurred During the Middle Paleolithic...
The Middle Paleolithic period (ca 200,000 to 45,000 years ago or so) is the period during which Archaic humans including Homo sapiens neanderthalensis appeared and flourished all over the world.
The Types and Characteristics of Ancient...
Monumental architecture refers to large man-made structures of stone or earth.
What Science Has Learned about the House of the...
The House of the Faun is among the most visited of the domestic ruins at Pompeii, famous for its mosaics and its bronze statue of a dancing faun.
A Beginner's Introduction to the Islamic...
The Islamic Civilization is in reality a mosaic of wide variety of cultures, from North Africa to the western periphery of the Pacific Ocean, and from Central Asia to sub-Saharan Africa.
Important Facts You Should Know About...
A study guide to our distant cousins, the Neanderthals, including an overview, important facts, archaeological sites, suggestions for further reading and study questions.
Were the Hanging Gardens of Babylon really in...
Secrets of the Dead: the Lost Gardens of Babylon from public television discusses the somewhat controversial theories from Stephanie Dalley about the whereabouts of the missing Ancient Wonder of the World
How Long Have Horses Been Our Pards?
The history of the domesticated horse (Equus caballus) is complex, the results of the spread of this marvelous creature throughout the world.
A Photo Essay of Cut Marks Supporting 3.7 MYA...
This bleak landscape in the Afar Region of Ethiopia has been the focus of the Dikika Research Project since 1999: it is here where little Selam was discovered, and it is here where the latest findings of what appear to be stone tool cut marks on fossilized bone dated to 3.4 million years old were discovered.
The Bering Land Bridge: Peopling America, and...
The Bering Land Bridge allowed human population into the Americas some 15,000 years ago: and scholars suggest it may partly regulate global climates.
Three Cultural Groups which Combined to Make...
A military and political pact formed by the Aztec of Tenochtitlan and other two cities of the Valley of Mexico. This is when the Aztec Empire began.
Who were the human species known as the...
The Denisovans are a recently discovered human species, who lived (at least) in what is today Siberia and colonized the southeast Asian islands and China.
What Science Knows about the Culture and...
The rulers of the Inca Empire were known known as the 'capac', and there are 12 known leaders of the Inca Empire, led by the founder Manco Capac. Page 2.
Coconut Domestication
The coconut palm (Cocos nucifera) is an important crop for an enormous range of products, and its history is a fascinating one.
Blombos Cave
Great strides in understanding the development of modern human beings are being taken at the very southern tip of Africa these days.
Tenochtitlan: How a City in a Swamp Became the...
The Aztec culture site called Tenochtitlan was located in a very peculiar place today, in a marsh in the middle of a lake surrounded by mountains--a place now called Mexico City.
Despite their violent reputation, Vikings were...
Viking settlers lived not so much in villages, but rather on isolated, regularly spaced farmsteads surrounded by grain fields, and led by chieftainships with multiple farmsteads.
Need Ideas for an Archaeology Paper? Try These...
The hardest thing a student does is pick a research paper topic. Archaeology, the study of a million years of human behavior, is an excellent starting place.
Trading Port on the Coast of Greenland Where...
Sandhavn is a medieval period trading bay on the southern shore of Greenland, used by Norwegian trawlers and co-habited by Inuit and Norse both.
Aztlán, The Mythical Homeland of the...
Aztlan is the mythical homeland from which the Aztec/Mexica migrated to the Valley of Mexico in the 13th century.
Ancient History of How We Learned to Cultivate...
The Neolithic period, broadly defined, is when human beings began to produce their own food--growing plants and tending animals.
What do silk worms have to do with silk?
The use of the silk worm species Bombyx to produce cloth was invented at least as early as the Longshan period (3500-2000 BC), and perhaps earlier.
Astrophyicist David Dearborn Discusses His Work...
An interview with David Dearborn, on his research at the interface between astronomy and archaeology.
Aztec Origins
This page describes the mythical and archaeological origins of the Aztec people, and the founding of their capital city of Tenochtitlán
Tlaloc, the Aztec Rain God
Tlaloc, the rain god, was one of the most important gods in Aztec religion
What Do Scholars Today Think Caused Easter...
For decades, scholars have debated what caused the collapse of the society of the Polynesian mariners who first colonized Easter Island. Here's the latest.
What Were the Rules of the Oldest Known Sport...
The Mesoamerican ball game was an exciting, dangerous game played by most cultures in central America.
Top 10 Ancient American Civilizations
The continents of North and South America were 'discovered' by the European civilizations in the late 15th century AD, but their civilizations were vast and complex long before the first European landed. The following are a taste of the complexity of the civilizations of ancient America.
The Amazing History of American Corn
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The Agave Plant: One of America's First Textile...
Agave Americana (also called maguey) is an plant used throughout Mesoamerica as fiber for clothing and textiles and to produce alcoholic beverages.
Sacred Cenote (Well of the Sacrifices)
Chichen Itza - Sacred Cenote - A Walking Tour of Chichen Itza - Ancient Maya Ruins of Mexico. Page 19.
How Do Archaeologists Know When Sunflowers Were...
Sunflowers (Helianthus spp.) are native to the American continents; prehistoric use of sunflowers included ornamental and ceremonial use, as well as for food and flavoring.
Ancient Art Sculpture on a Very Grand Scale
Megalithic structures are immense collections of stone, earth and wood, some of which were built during the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods of Europe.
Chalcolithic
The Chalcolithic is the name given to the period in the Near East and Europe after the Neolithic and before the Bronze Age, between about 4500 and 3500 BC.
Learn All About the Dating Techniques Used to...
A short course on the various dating methods used in archaeological science over the centuries. Part 1: Relative Dating
Stingless American Bees were Domesticated by...
Ancient Mesoamerican societies such as the Maya and Aztec practiced beekeeping for at least two thousand years before the European honeybee arrived.
How Many Times Do You Need to Domesticate Sheep?
The sheep (Ovis aries) is one of the earliest animals ever domesticated, from the mouflon and more than 10,000 years ago.
Who were the Ancient Mississippians?
The Mississippian culture is what archaeologists call the precolumbian horticulturalists and mound builders, who were spread across the American midwest and southeast, between about AD 1000-1550.
Caral: The Earliest Civilization in the New World
A collection of sites in the Supe Valley of Peru are proving to be the ancestral source of the Inca and other later civilizations of South and Central America. Caral and the other Supe Valley sites promise to teach us why people choose to become urban dwellers.
Chronology and Advances of the Mesopotamian...
Mesopotamia is an ancient civilization that took up pretty much everything that today is modern Iraq, a triangular patch wedged between the Tigris River, the Zagros Mountains, and the Lesser Zab River.
Is the Bible Fact or Fiction?
History of Archaeology Part 3: The tyranny of the text. The third in the series discusses how early scholars sought for legendary archaeological sites in the Bible
How Hunter-Gatherers Lived Off the Land
Hunter gatherers is the name anthropologists have given to people who rely on a combined living of hunting game and gathering root vegetables, nuts, and seeds. Hunting and gathering was the lifestyle of all human beings until the invention of agriculture about 8000 years ago; and, to state it simply, hunter-gatherers hunt game and collect plant foods.
Archaeology Quiz: Inca Civilization
Archaeology Quiz: Inca Civilization
What Archaeologists Have Learned about the City...
Jericho (also called Tell es-Sultan) is the name of tell situated on an ancient lake bed plain in what is known as the West Bank, in the territory belonging to Palestine.
What Graduate Students Should Know about...
A letter of intent addressed to each graduate school you apply to is your opportunity to show your strengths and that you recognize your weaknesses.
The Ancient Maya or Mayans?
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Aztec Sacrifices
The Aztecs, or more properly the Mexica, practiced several different types of ritual sacrifice to secure the benevolence of the gods.
Wall of Skulls (Tzompantli)
Chichen Itza - Wall of Skulls (Tzompantli) - A Walking Tour of Chichen Itza - Ancient Maya Ruins of Mexico. Page 6.
Who Were the Vikings, Anyway?
The Vikings were a farming culture, who originated in Scandinavia about the 4th century AD, and began to spread out and conquer the Europe in the 9th century AD. They were mostly defeated or subsumed into other cultures by the 13th century AD.
13000 year old burial of a baby in the American...
The Anzick site is a human burial from the Clovis period in the American northwest, dated approximately 12,800 years ago.
What is the Importance of the Maya Book Known...
The Popol Vuh, often dubbed the Bible of the Maya, is a colonial document which narrates the creation myth of the Maya Quiché of Guatemala and the Story of the Hero Twins
Ile Ife (Nigeria)
Ile-Ife is the traditional home of the Yoruba civilization, and an archaeological site located in southwestern Nigeria.
What Connects Llamas and Alpacas, Vicunas and...
Llamas and alpacas are two different species of camel in South America, both domesticated in about the same location and time in the Andean highlands.
What Was It Like to Wander the Streets of the...
The streets of Pompeii are fascinating examples of Roman construction.
BC (or B.C.)
The term B.C. is used by nearly everyone in the United States to mean dates in the Julian Calendar before the birth of Christ, or at least before the date once thought to be that of Christ's birth (the year 0).
An Introduction to Seriation
Seriation is a method archaeologists use to create chronological maps of changes in artifacts over time, and to use those maps to illuminate relative dates of archaeological deposits and sites.
10 Breathtaking Photos of Machu Picchu
The residential palace of the Inca king Pachacuti has drawn tourists from all over the world because of its lovely impossible location at the edge of the world. Gina Carey was at Machu Picchu during the Summer of 2004, and shares her photographs with us.
Do Your Camels Have One Hump or Two?
There are two species of quadruped animal of the deserts of the world, both of which have implications for archaeology: the Bactrian and the Dromedary
What Has Science Learned about the History of...
The eggplant domestication history is a mysterious one, that scholars have yet to figure out.
An Aztec God of Fertility and Patron of Warriors
Tonatiuh (pronounced Toh-nah-tee-uh) was the Aztec sun god. This deity had both a positive and negative aspect.
A Beginner's Guide to the Persian Empire
At its height about 500 BC, the Persian empire had conquered Asia as far as the Indus River, Greece, and North Africa including what is now Egypt and Libya.
The Top Ten
Short list of the main facts and aspects of Aztec culture
Horticulture
The archaeological use of the term horticulture is used to describe a subsistence strategy between hunting and gathering and full fledged agriculture.
Cultural Resource Management
Cultural Resource Management is, essentially, a process by which the protection and management of the multitudinous but scarce elements of cultural heritage are given some consideration in a modern world with an expanding population and changing needs.
Temple of the Warriors
Chichen Itza - Temple of the Warriors - A Walking Tour of Chichen Itza - Ancient Maya Ruins of Mexico. Page 7.
10 Unknown Ancient Empires
Everyone knows of some ancient civilizations, either from World History classes in school, from books or films, or from television specials on the Discovery Channel, the BBC or Public Broadcasting. Ancient Rome, Ancient Greece, Ancient Egypt, all of these are covered again and again in our books, magazines, and television shows. But there are so many interesting, less well-known civilizations! Here's an admittedly biased selection of some of them and why they are not to be forgotten.
The Invention of Atlatls: 20,000 Years of...
The atlatl is a sophisticated combination hunting tool or weapon, formed out of a short dart with a point socketed into a longer shaft.
How Feudalism Affects Power and Farming in the...
Feudalism is a system of political organization, in which an elite individual called a lord controls several common people (vassals).
Why Were Guinea Pigs Domesticated? (Hint: Not...
Guinea pigs are small rodents domesticated about seven thousand years ago in South American Andes mountains primarily for food, and brought to Europe as pets in the 16th century.
Mysterious Artworks in the Atacama Desert of...
There are over 5,000 prehistoric geoglyphs in the Atacama Desert, and like the Nazca lines, they are mysterious, beautiful and awe-inspiring. Although we can't know the entire reason they were built, researcher Luis Briones believes they are part sign post and part story-telling along a transportation network in an ancient form of combined religious and commercial travel.
How Did Calpulli Form the Organizational...
The Calpulli was the basic unit of social organization in the Aztec empire, organized around clan groups and similar work patterns.
History of Rice, Part One
Archaeology has traced the history of rice to nearly 12,000 years ago.
The Sacred Cenote - Well of the Sacrifices
Chichen Itza - A Walking Tour of Chichen Itza - Ancient Maya Ruins of Mexico. Page 20.
What Culture First Domesticated the Cotton Plant?
Refer to this page to learn more about the origin of cotton domestication and cultivation
What Was Cuzco's Role in the Ancient Inca...
The modern day city of Cuzco in the Andes Mountains of Peru was founded, according to legend, by Manco Capac, the founder of the Incan Civilization.
Anthropology Defined
Anthropology is the study of human beings; their culture, their behavior, their beliefs, their ways of surviving; but that's just my opinion. Here is a collection of other definitions.
Olive Oil
The history of olive oil, how it was produced, who produced it and why, from the archaeological evidence.
Heinrich Schliemann and the Discovery of Troy
Heinrich Schliemann, that quintessential archaeologist of the 19th century, claimed to have discovered the real site of Troy. But did he?
Maybe it is just a pile of shells to you, but...
What's for dinner? Archaeological studies of shell middens throughout time, including an extensive review of the published literature.
Learn All about Maya Civilization with This...
Facts about the economics, politics, warfare, rituals, architecture, and other interesting things to know about the Maya Civilization. Page 3.
Harappa (Pakistan)
Harappa is a large city of the Indus Civilization, and one of the best known sites in Pakistan, located on the bank of the Ravi River in Punjab Province.
Arrowheads and Projectile Points
Arrowheads are the most identifiable archaeological artifact in the world. Whether they've personally collected them from nearby farmlands, seen them in museum displays or just watched them being shot into people in John Wayne movies, most people know the triangular tips of arrow shafts are the remnants of a hunting trip.
Indus Civilization Timeline and Description
The Indus is one of the oldest societies we know of, including over 2600 known archaeological sites located along the Indus and Sarasvati rivers.
History of Shoes
Shoes are the use of typically organic materials (cloth, plant matter, wood, leather) to protect our feet, and they were likely invented some 40,000 years ago.
Henry Ford on Why History is Bunk
Henry Ford said 'History is bunk' in all kinds of ways; here's one he said in the Chicago Tribune that's a little different than the usual.
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