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K. Kris Hirst

Updated Articles and Resources

By K. Kris Hirst

    Updated Articles and Resources
    • Guide to Ancient Mesopotamia Created: Tuesday, September 11, 2007 Updated: Friday, August 22, 2014
      Mesopotamia is an ancient civilization that took up pretty much everything that today is modern Iraq, a triangular patch wedged between the Tigris River, the Zagros Mountains, and the Lesser Zab River.
    • Ancient Star Watching - Prehistoric Observatories to Watch the Skies Created: Sunday, December 16, 2007 Updated: Monday, August 18, 2014
      People began building stone monuments to track the movements the sun, moon and stars at least 10,000 years ago, and probably a lot longer. Here are my favorite...
    • H3 Arabian Neolithic Site - Ubaid Mesopotamian Connections in Kuwait Created: Wednesday, April 27, 2005 Updated: Monday, August 18, 2014
      H3 is an Arabian Neolithic site on the northwestern coast of Kuwait, where evidence of Mesopotamian reed boats has been found dated about 5300 BC.
    • Mesopotamian Reed Boats - The Earliest Boat Builders Created: Saturday, August 16, 2014 Updated: Saturday, August 16, 2014
      Ancient boats made of reed basketry and covered in pitch were built about 7500 years ago in ancient Mesopotamia, the earliest boat building known.
    • Bitumen - The Archaeology and History of Black Goo Created: Saturday, November 03, 2007 Updated: Saturday, August 16, 2014
      Bitumen is a naturally-occurring organic byproduct of decomposed organic materials used by humans for many very useful things for the past 40,000 years.
    • Ubaidian Culture - Ubaid Roots of Mesopotamia Created: Sunday, July 10, 2005 Updated: Saturday, August 16, 2014
      The Ubaidian or Ubaid culture was a widespread shared set of traits and behaviors that predated the urban flowering of Mesopotamia.
    • When Were the American Continents First Colonized? Created: Tuesday, May 20, 2008 Updated: Saturday, August 16, 2014
      Scientists are sure that the original colonists of the Americas arrived at least 15,000 years ago--but how they got there is still under debate.
    • Ancient Rest Houses and Way Stations Created: Sunday, May 06, 2012 Updated: Sunday, August 10, 2014
      Any ancient road worth its salt had roadside inns for the weary travelers. Archaeological evidence of way stations and posting houses are at least 2,500 years old.
    • Physical Characteristics of Flores Man - What Makes Him Different? Created: Friday, August 08, 2014 Updated: Friday, August 08, 2014
      The physical attributes of the human remains known as Flores Man had similarities to several other hominids on our planet, but its variability makes it hard to categorize.
    • Flores Man - Competing Theories about Homo floresiensis Created: Wednesday, August 06, 2014 Updated: Friday, August 08, 2014
      The discovery of Flores man, sometimes called the Hobbit, has created a currently unresolvable puzzle to our understanding of how evolution works on our planet.
    • Flores Man: A Scholarly Bibliography of Homo floresiensis Created: Sunday, February 04, 2007 Updated: Friday, August 08, 2014
      A bibliography on the hominid known as Flores man, includes both sides of the argument concerning whether Flores is a separate species or a deformed human.
    • Liang Bua Cave, Indonesia - Archaeological Site of Flores Man Created: Thursday, February 08, 2007 Updated: Friday, August 08, 2014
      Liang Bua Cave is the site where the possible new hominin species called Flores Man was found. Here's a description of the site and findings to date.
    • Flores Man (The Hobbit) - What the Science Has Shown Created: Thursday, September 27, 2007 Updated: Friday, August 08, 2014
      A compilation of the recent news stories and controversies concerning the hominin species called the Hobbit, or Homo floresiensis
    • Top Ten Archaeology News Stories of the Decade Created: Friday, December 18, 2009 Updated: Wednesday, August 06, 2014
      During the first decade of the 21st century, archaeological discoveries overturned some old understandings of the process of evolution, a new ancient civilization was discovered in Peru, and the lo...
    • Is Flores Man a Deformed Homo Sapiens? Created: Monday, August 21, 2006 Updated: Wednesday, August 06, 2014
      A 2006 article in PNAS argues that the Homo floresiensis skeletal materials represent a deformed Homo sapiens, not a new species.
    • Further Fossil Finds of Flores Man, Indonesia Created: Wednesday, October 12, 2005 Updated: Wednesday, August 06, 2014
      New excavations at the Liang Bua Cave on the island of Flores in Indonesia have recovered additional specimens of the human ancestor known as Flores Man; or more popularly, the Hobbit.
    • The Little Lady of Flores: Introducing Homo floresiensis Created: Thursday, October 28, 2004 Updated: Wednesday, August 06, 2014
      A different species of human walked this earth as recently as 18,000 years ago, long after Homo habilis, Homo erectus, even 10,000 years after the Neanderthals had died out. The Little Lady of Flores is shaking everybody's family tree.
    • Megafauna - A Definition of the Largest Animals Created: Saturday, August 25, 2007 Updated: Monday, August 04, 2014
      Megafauna is a term used by archaeologists and paleontologist to refer to large-bodied mammals, that is, any mammal weighing more than 100 pounds (45 kilograms)
    • Jericho (Palestine) - Archaeology of the Ancient City Created: Saturday, August 25, 2007 Updated: Monday, August 04, 2014
      Jericho (also called Tell es-Sultan) is the name of tell situated on an ancient lake bed plain in what is known as the West Bank, in the territory belonging to Palestine.
    • The Three Sisters - Ancient Cornerstone of American Farming Created: Sunday, March 04, 2012 Updated: Monday, August 04, 2014
      The Three Sisters were what Native American groups called the combined intercropping of maize, beans and squash. Recent scientific research has shown what a stroke of genius this combination was, on many health and environmental methods.
    • 58 Holes - 4,000 Year Old Snakes and Ladders Created: Wednesday, August 21, 2013 Updated: Monday, August 04, 2014
      The ancient board game of 58 Holes was invented about 2200 BC, and it is a precursor to the modern child's game of Chutes and Ladders.
    • 20 Squares - The Archaeological Roots of Backgammon Created: Monday, August 19, 2013 Updated: Monday, August 04, 2014
      The board game called 20 squares is an ancient game similar to backgammon, invented at least 4500 years ago in the Bronze Age Mediterranean region.
    • Defining Archaeology - 34 Definitions of Archaeology Created: Thursday, September 15, 2005 Updated: Monday, August 04, 2014
      What is Archaeology? The study of archaeology has been defined in a number of silly and serious ways. Here's a collection of pithy quotes from archaeologists and non-archaeologists.
    • The Olmec Capital of La Venta - History and Archaeology Created: Tuesday, July 31, 2007 Updated: Sunday, August 03, 2014
      The ancient city of La Venta was a major regional center of the Olmec civilization, despite being located in a wetland environment.
    • Complex A at La Venta - Ceremonial Court of the Olmec Created: Sunday, August 03, 2014 Updated: Sunday, August 03, 2014
      Complex A at La Venta was the ceremonial center of the Olmec capital in the state of Tabasco, on the Gulf Coast of Mexico.
    • The Use and History of Precolumbian Jade Created: Friday, July 01, 2011 Updated: Saturday, August 02, 2014
      Jade was probably the most precious stone for ancient Mesoamerican people, and Olmec, Maya and Aztec lapidary artisans became masters in carving it...
    • Chalcatzingo - Possible Olmec Colony in the Basin of Mexico Created: Friday, July 02, 2010 Updated: Saturday, August 02, 2014
      Chalcatzingo is a fascinating site in Mexico, where Olmec-influenced carvings were made in the bedrock, 185 miles from the Olmec heartland.
    • Olmec Colossal Heads - 3D Images of Olmec Rulers? Created: Friday, June 27, 2014 Updated: Saturday, August 02, 2014
      Olmec Heads, known more formally as Colossal Heads or Cabezas Colosales, are enormous three-dimensional heads carved out of volcanic basalt ~3,000 years ago.
    • Megalithic Monuments - Ancient Art Sculpture Created: Sunday, February 21, 2010 Updated: Saturday, August 02, 2014
      Megalithic structures are immense collections of stone, earth and wood, some of which were built during the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods of Europe.
    • David Drake - An Enslaved American Potter Created: Sunday, June 02, 2013 Updated: Saturday, August 02, 2014
      Dave the Potter was an important American ceramist, who worked in the Edgefield potteries of South Carolina, first as a slave, then as a free man.
    • Kathu Pan (South Africa) - Middle Paleolithic Tool Use Created: Sunday, November 18, 2012 Updated: Tuesday, July 29, 2014
      Kathu Pan is an archaeological site in central South Africa, where evidence of very very early use of spears is in evidence.
    • Were-Jaguar - Icon of the Olmec Civilization Created: Sunday, July 27, 2014 Updated: Monday, July 28, 2014
      The were-jaguar is an important iconographic symbol of the Olmec civilization, and many later civilizations in Central and North America.

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