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K. Kris Hirst

Updated Articles and Resources

By K. Kris Hirst

    Updated Articles and Resources
    • Out of Africa Hypothesis Created: Sunday, August 01, 2004 Updated: Thursday, April 17, 2014
      The Out of Africa or African Replacement Hypothesis argues that every living human being is descended from a small group in Africa.
    • Feudalism Created: Monday, October 24, 2005 Updated: Thursday, April 17, 2014
      Feudalism is a system of political organization, in which an elite individual called a lord controls several common people (vassals).
    • Begash (Kazakhstan) Created: Wednesday, April 16, 2014 Updated: Wednesday, April 16, 2014
      Begash is an archaeological site in Kazakhstan, where evidence concerning the spread and transmission of agriculture has been identified.
    • Steppe Societies Created: Sunday, February 26, 2012 Updated: Wednesday, April 16, 2014
      Steppe societies refers to the mobile pastoralist nomads of the central Asia, who roamed the broad steppes of Asia on horseback, facilitating trade and creating havoc among the settled societies of Late Bronze Age Indus, Mesopotamia, Mediterranean and East Asia.
    • History of Honey Bees Created: Wednesday, October 02, 2013 Updated: Wednesday, April 16, 2014
      The honey bee (Apis mellifera) was first managed--although not by any means domesticated--perhaps 7,000 years ago.
    • History of Shoes Created: Friday, February 22, 2008 Updated: Wednesday, April 16, 2014
      Shoes are the use of typically organic materials (cloth, plant matter, wood, leather) to protect our feet, and they were likely invented some 40,000 years ago.
    • Anthropology Defined Created: Tuesday, May 19, 2009 Updated: Wednesday, April 16, 2014
      Anthropology is the study of human beings; their culture, their behavior, their beliefs, their ways of surviving; but that's just my opinion. Here is a collection of other definitions.
    • Cultural Resource Management Created: Friday, April 07, 2006 Updated: Wednesday, April 16, 2014
      Cultural Resource Management is, essentially, a process by which the protection and management of the multitudinous but scarce elements of cultural heritage are given some consideration in a modern...
    • Along the Silk Road Created: Monday, September 01, 2003 Updated: Wednesday, April 16, 2014
      Archaeological investigations extend the known age of the ancient road connecting Asia and central Europe known as the Silk Road.
    • The Invention of Pottery Created: Sunday, August 27, 2006 Updated: Wednesday, April 16, 2014
      Recent archaeological evidence shows that the oldest ceramics in the world so far were discovered in mainland China, and dated to 20,000 years ago." itemprop="description"< --> itemprop="descriptio...
    • Mixed Cropping Created: Tuesday, September 22, 2009 Updated: Wednesday, April 16, 2014
      Mixed cropping, also known as inter-cropping or co-cultivation, is a type of agriculture that involves planting two or more of plants simultaneously in the same field.
    • The Narmer Palette: Early Period Ancient Egypt Created: Saturday, December 03, 2005 Updated: Wednesday, April 16, 2014
      The Narmer Palette is an early Period Egyptian civilization artifact, showing the conquest of Upper and Lower Egypt by the first Egyptian pharaoh, Menes or Narmer.
    • Characteristics of Ancient Civilizations Created: Wednesday, October 19, 2005 Updated: Wednesday, April 16, 2014
      Archaeologists recognize that in some cases, in some places, at some times, simple societies for one reason and another morph into more and more complex societies, and some become civilizations.
    • Top 10 Things to Know about the Aztecs Created: Wednesday, May 25, 2011 Updated: Tuesday, April 15, 2014
      Short list of the main facts and aspects of Aztec culture
    • Emperor Qin's Terracotta Army Created: Tuesday, September 20, 2005 Updated: Tuesday, April 15, 2014
      The exquisite terracotta army of the first Qin Dynasty ruler Shihuangdi represents the emperor’s ability to control the resources of the newly unified China, and his attempt to recreate and maintain that empire in the afterlife.
    • L'Anse aux Meadows Created: Tuesday, November 11, 2003 Updated: Tuesday, April 15, 2014
      Archaeological excavations in Newfoundland, Canada, reveal evidence of a failed Viking colony on the Atlantic shore of the American continent.
    • Horse History Created: Monday, May 19, 2008 Updated: Tuesday, April 15, 2014
      The modern domesticated horse (Equus caballus) is spread throughout the world and is among the most diverse creatures on the planet.
    • Social Organization Created: Saturday, March 19, 2005 Updated: Tuesday, April 15, 2014
      The study of social organization in anthropology was an outgrowth of the social evolutionism movement of the nineteenth century.
    • Tonatiuh Created: Wednesday, February 23, 2011 Updated: Tuesday, April 15, 2014
      Tonatiuh (pronounced Toh-nah-tee-uh) was the Aztec sun god. This deity had both a positive and negative aspect.
    • A.D. (or AD) (Anno Domini) Created: Friday, January 07, 2005 Updated: Tuesday, April 15, 2014
      The initials A.D. (used with or without periods) is an abbreviation for the Latin "Anno Domini", which translates to "the Year of Our Lord," referring to years after the birth of Jesus Christ.
    • The Iceman Created: Tuesday, December 02, 2008 Updated: Tuesday, April 15, 2014
      The Iceman is the name of a 5,300-year-old human body discovered high in the Swiss/Italian Alps in 1991.
    • Indus Civilization Timeline and Description Created: Sunday, September 16, 2007 Updated: Tuesday, April 15, 2014
      The Indus is one of the oldest societies we know of, including over 2600 known archaeological sites located along the Indus and Sarasvati rivers.
    • Chachapoya Culture Created: Sunday, April 13, 2014 Updated: Sunday, April 13, 2014
      The Chachapoya culture is what archaeologists and ethnohistorians call the people who built several large communities on the tops of mountains in northern Peru between about 1000 and 1500 AD.
    • Kuelap (Peru) Created: Sunday, April 06, 2014 Updated: Sunday, April 13, 2014
      Kuelap is the name of a ceremonial center of the 9th through 15th centuries AD, built and maintained by the Chachapoya culture.
    • Initial Period through Late Horizon Created: Tuesday, September 14, 2010 Updated: Sunday, April 13, 2014
      Ancient Andes Timeline (II). Learn more about the chronology of Ancient Pru from the Initial Period to the Late Horizon (1800 BC - AD 1534)
    • Guide to the Inca Empire Created: Wednesday, December 12, 2007 Updated: Sunday, April 13, 2014
      The Inca were the largest pre-hispanic empire of South America when it was 'discovered' by the Spanish conquistadors in the 16th century AD.
    • Vanilla (Vanilla species) Created: Friday, August 22, 2008 Updated: Sunday, April 13, 2014
      Vanilla (Vanilla planifolia or tahitensis), that wonderfully spicy and sweet flavoring, is created from the vanilla orchid, the only edible orchid known.
    • Lactose Intolerance and Lactase Persistence Created: Sunday, January 26, 2014 Updated: Friday, April 11, 2014
      Why some people can drink milk without becoming ill and others cannot is a genetic trait that arose from our domestication and dependence on other mammals.
    • Leopard Cave (Namibia) Created: Wednesday, April 09, 2014 Updated: Friday, April 11, 2014
      Leopard Cave is a rockshelter in the Erongo region of central Namibia, where archaeologists have discovered early evidence for the presence of domesticated sheep.
    • Sheep (Ovis aries) Created: Sunday, February 20, 2011 Updated: Friday, April 11, 2014
      The sheep (Ovis aries) is one of the earliest animals ever domesticated, from the mouflon and more than 10,000 years ago.
    • Chachapoyas Culture Created: Sunday, May 29, 2005 Updated: Wednesday, April 09, 2014
      Chachapoyas culture is the name given to an Andean civilization, located in the Amazon rainforest
    • Kuélap (Peru) Created: Sunday, May 29, 2005 Updated: Wednesday, April 09, 2014
      The circular stone fortress of Kuélap is located on a rocky promontory deep in the Amazon rainforest of Peru, and dates to the Chachapoyas culture.

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