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 Related Terms
• Islamic Civilization
• Medina
Definition: One of two urban capitals in Saudi Arabia considered the birthplaces of Islam (the other being Medina), Mecca was a pagan shrine converted to the religious center of Islam by Muhammed in 650 AD (8 A.H.). Also, the traditional birthplace of the Prophet Muhammed.

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Islamic Archaeology
Archaeological sites and studies of the ancient cultures of Islam.
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