1. Education

Ancient Civilizations

This ever-growing list includes overviews of ancient civilizations, as well as in-depth studies of up-to-date archaeological and historical evidence discovered.
  1. Ancient Egypt and Egyptians (137)
  2. Ancient Greece (58)
  3. Ancient Near East (17)
  4. Aztec Civilization (52)
  5. Byzantine and Ottoman (13)
  6. Caral Supe Civilization (2)
  7. Etruscan (10)
  8. Hittites (9)
  9. Inca Empire (34)
  10. Indus Civilization (30)
  11. Islamic Civilization (20)
  12. Jomon Culture
  13. Khmer Empire (9)
  14. Lapita Culture (7)
  15. Longshan (5)
  16. Maya Civilization (106)
  17. Mesopotamia (46)
  18. Minoan Culture (15)
  19. Mississippian and Hopewell (26)
  20. Moche Civilization (22)
  21. Olmec Civilization (22)
  22. Persian Empire (42)
  23. Roman Empire (58)
  24. Swahili Culture (7)
  25. Tiahuanaco (9)
  26. Vikings (38)

Ancient Cities
Ancient cities are the key to our understanding modern cities, because they illustrate past methods of urban living, sustainable and unsustainable.

Traveling the Silk Road - A Photo Essay
In November 2009, a new exhibit opened at the American Museum of Natural History, featuring artifacts and reconstructions of places and pieces of the ancient Silk Road. This photo essay compares old photographs to exhibits and provides a bit of background to Traveling the Silk Road.

Khmer Empire
The Khmer Empire, also known as the Angkor Civilization, was the name of a large and complex society which ruled what is today Cambodia, and parts of Laos, Thailand and Vietnam for the five hundred years between 800 and 1300 AD.

Monumental Architecture
Monumental or public architecture, at an archaeological site, refers to large man-made structures of stone or earth, such as pyramids, temples and shrines.

What Makes a Civilization?
Archaeologists recognize that in some cases, in some places, at some times, simple societies for one reason and another develop into more and more complex societies, and some become civilizations. These are the characteristics that archaeologists identify as complex societies.

Craft Specialization
Craft specialization--the creation of specific jobs in a society such as warriors, artisans, scribes, shamans, rulers, etc.--is one of the defining characteristics of ancient civilizations, and most likely the reason we don't have an egalitarian society today.

Pastoralism, another characteristic of complexity, refers to the subsistence practice in which people care for and domesticate animals such as cattle, camels, llamas, sheep, goats and alpacas.

The New Seven Wonders of the World
A quick photo tour of the new seven wonders of the world--plus some extras that readers say should be in there, too.

Ancient America - Archaeology of American Civilizations
The continents of North and South America were 'discovered' by the European civilizations in the late 15th century AD, but their civilizations were vast and complex long before the first European landed. The following are a taste of the complexity of the civilizations of ancient America.

Chinese Dynastic History
From About's guide to Ancient History, a little taste of what you wanted to know about Chinese history, from the Neolithic period through the latter part of Imperial China, ending in AD 1911.

Top Unknown Empires
Everyone knows of some great civilizations, either from World History classes in school, such as Ancient Rome, Ancient Greece, Ancient Egypt. But there are so many interesting, less well-known civilizations! Here's an admittedly biased selection of some of them and why they are not to be forgotten.

Monte Alban and the Zapotec Civilization
Monte Alban was the capital city of the Zapotec Civilization, sited 1400 meters above sea level in the Valley of Oaxaca of central Mexico. The Zapotecs and their amazing city flourished between about 500 BC and 1521 AD.

National Geographic Expedition Week
The National Geographic Society is one of the oldest continuously publishing journals in the world. Founded in 1888, the society has as its main goals "exploration, research, and scientific discoveries'. These days they are best known for video explorations of scientific studies.

Royal Palaces
Every advanced (cough) society has had its wealthy citizens, and their lavish residences have been the focus of many archaeological investigations. Here is a sample of some of the more interesting elite residences of our ancient past.

The Tophet at Carthage (Tunisia)
The Tophet of Carthage is one of eleven known Punic cemeteries that includes the cremated urn burials of very young children and animals.

Kuelap (Peru)
Kuelap is an archaeological site belonging to the Chachapoya culture of northern Peru.

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