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Bolivia - Culture History and Archaeology

Bolivia's culture history, archaeological sites, and other information related to the past of Bolivia.
  1. South American Civilizat...

A Lesson in Applied Archaeology, Part 1
In the early 1980s, archaeologist Clark Erickson, Peruvian agronomist Ignacio Garaycochea, anthropologist Kay Candler, and agricultural journalist Dan Brinkmeier began a small experiment in the Huatta, a Quechua-speaking community of farmers near Lake Titicaca in Bolivia.

A Lesson in Applied Archaeology, Part 2
University of Pennsylvania archaeologist Clark Erickson discusses how he and his colleagues went about recreating ancient forms of agriculture in the Lake Titicaca region of Peru and Bolivia.

A Lesson in Applied Archaeology, Part 3
University of Pennsylvania archaeologist Clark Erickson discusses the implications of his research in Bolivia experimenting with ancient forms of agriculture.

Andean Civilizations
The Andean Civilizations is a term used by archaeologists to refer to any of several civilizations of the Andes Mountains, including Bolivia

Applied Archaeology in the Bolivian Amazon
Clark Erickson's project page on Ancient Raised Field Agriculture: Applied Archaeology in the Bolivian Amazon, from University of Pennsylvania Museum.

Aymara
The Aymara are a modern cultural group of the Andes in Peru, and the descendants of the Tiwanaku Empire in the Lake Titicaca region of Bolivia and Peru (400-1500 AD).

Betty Jane Meggers [b. 1921]
American archaeologist Betty Meggers is probably best known for her extensive work conducted in association with her husband Clifford Evans throughout the South American continent, including Argentina.

Bolivia: Portals of the World
From the Library of Congress, political and cultural information on the country of Bolivia.

Chiripa, Bolivia
The archaeological site of Chiripa is located in the Lake Titicaca region of Bolivia, associated with the Tiwanaku culture

Earthworks of the Bolivian Amazon
A multi-year project directed by Wilma Winkler Verlarde of the Instituto Nacional de Arqueologia de Bolivia and Clark Erickson of the University of Pennsylvania Museum.

Ernst Wilhelm Middendorf [1830-1908]
Ernst W. Middendorf was a German medical doctor whose linguistic and travel reports in the late 19th century contained drawings and descriptions of the cultures of Bolivia and Peru.

Fuerte de Samaipata, Bolivia
The World Heritage site of Samaipata, located in Bolivia, is a 14th-16th century village; and a collection of bedrock rock carvings.

Inkallakta, Bolivia
From Larry Coben, photographs from when he was directing the Proyecto Inkallakta, Bolivia.

Juch'uypampa Cave (Bolivia)
The Juch'uypampa cave is a Middle Horizon Tiwanaku burial site (AD 500-1100), located in the Pulacayo region of Bolivia.

Llanos de Mojos, Bolivia: Earthmovers of the Amazon
Earthworks in the Beni region in Bolivia's Amazon region (raised fields, causeways, canals, and occupation mounds in Llanos de Moxos and Baures) have been studied by the University of Pennsylvania since 1990; an online article from Science by Charles C. Mann.

Max Uhle [1856-1944]
German archaeologist and linguist Max Uhle is often said to be the father of Andean archaeology, including Bolivia.

Proyecto Inkallakta
Inkallakta is a monumental Inka period site in Bolivia, this page discusses the archaeological investigations by Lawrence Coben and Angelina Munoz.

Tiwanaku and Central Andes Archaeology
From Alvaro Higueras, University of Asmara, a ton of good resources on Tiwanaku archaeology in Bolivia.

Tiwanaku Empire
The Tiwanaku Empire controlled portions of what is now Peru, Argentina, Chile, and Bolivia in South America for four hundred years (AD 550-950).

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