The domestication of animals was an important step in our human civilization, involving the development of a partnership between human and animal. The essential mechanism of that domestication process is somebody selecting for an animal's behavior and body shape to suit his or her specific needs.
The process of domestication is a slow one, and sometimes archaeologists have a difficult time identifying whether a group of animal bones in an archaeological site represents domesticated animals or not. Here is a list of some of the several signs that archaeologists look for in determining whether the animals in evidence at an archaeological site were domesticated, or merely hunted and consumed for dinner.
5. Animal DietsA domesticated animal will eat differently than one in the wild, normally; and this dietary change may be identified through the use of stable isotope analysis.