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Islamic Civilization

The ancient civilization of Islam includes much of Africa and Central Asia, beginning with the Mohammed's revelation of AD 622 well into the 1500s, and continues into the modern day.

Al-Basra
Al-Basra was a center for the Idrisid dynasty of the Islamic civilization, where a state mint was established, and a variety of agricultural and manufactured goods were produced between about AD 800-1100.

Almoravid Dynasty
The Almoravid Dynasty was a Berber empire located in North Africa during the 11th and 12th centuries AD.

Islamic Civilization: Timeline and Definition
The Islamic Civilization is in reality an amalgam of wide variety of cultures, from North Africa to the western periphery of the Pacific Ocean, and from Central Asia to sub-Saharan Africa.

Fulani Caliphate
The Fulani are modern African pastoralists who today live in Mali, Guinea, Cameroon, Senegal and Niger.

al-Fustat (Egypt)
Al-Fustat is the name of the first Islamic capital of Egypt, founded shortly after the Ummayyad conquest of Egypt in the 7th century AD.

Islamic Lustreware
A photo essay on the origins and study of the decorative ceramic technique known as Islamic lustreware

Abbasid Dynasty
The Abbasid Dynasty ruled the Arab world between 758-1258 AD, and so is considered the medieval period for Islamic culture.

Ancient Islamic Cities
Islamic cities are those that belong to the Islamic civilization, and in archaeological terms, date between the Year One AH, or AD 622 and the end of the Abassid Dynasty, ca 128% AD.

Essouk-Tadmakka (Mali)
Essouk-Tadmakka is a famous and important trade center on the road between West Africa and the Mediterranean during the early Medieval period of Islamic civilization.

Hamdallahi (Mali)
Hamdallahi is the capital city of the Islamic Fulani caliphate of Macina (also spelled Massina or Masina), occupied between 1820 and 1864.

Architecture of Islam
From Muslim Heritage, a collection of papers on the Islamic architectural sites in the world, including the Taj Mahal, the Kutubiya Mosque, abd Topkapi.

Qandahar (Afghanistan)
The archaeological site of Qandahar is located near the modern city of Kandahar in south central Afghanistan

ArchNet Digital Library
This site, developed by MIT and Texas Tech, is meant to be a meeting place for researchers in Islamic architecture. The Digital Library includes photographs of several historic sites throughout the Muslim world.

Samarra (Iraq)
The modern Islamic city of Samarra is located on the Tigris River; its earliest urban occupation dates to the Abbasid period.

Seljuk Dynasty
The Seljuk Dynasty was an Islamic empire which occupied central Asia and the middle east between the 11th and 14th centuries AD.

Caliphs and Kings
From the Smithsonian Institution, a webpage supporting their recent exhibit of Islamic art and architecture. Requires Flash plugin.

Excavations at Al-Fustat
From the Egyptian Culture Center, Waseda University, Japan, a brief discussion and some photographs of artifacts.

Explore the Taj Mahal
A free virtual visit to the amazing Taj Mahal is available online now, with slide shows of architectural details and 360 degree virtual tours. Stunning.

Iraq and China
This online exhibit from the Smithsonian Institution investigates the effects of trade between Iraq and China created during the Abbasid Dynasty.

Kandahar of the Arab Conquest
From a special issue of World Archaeology on Islamic Archaeology dated 1983, an article on the Islamic site of Qandahar from S. W. Helms, on the Khyber website.

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