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Neolithic Revolution

The period in the Old World where humans first learned to tend and eventually plant crops is known as the Neolithic period.
  1. History of Agriculture (87)

Neolithic Demographic Transition
The Neolithic Demographic Transition refers to evidence that a population boom occurred when people stopped hunting and began farming

Raptor Processing in the Levantine Epipaleolithic
The 15,000-year-old procurement of raptor feathers and talons for symbolic purposes is documented in this photo essay.

Chogha Golan (Iran)
Chogha Golan in Iran is important for its contribution to the understanding of the origins of agriculture in the Fertile Crescent.

Flintbek (Germany)
Flintbek is an important Neolithic and Bronze Age cemetery site in the Schleswig Holstein region of Germany. It is best known for the large Neolithic barrow which preserved one of the earliest evidences of wheeled vehicles: cart ruts, dated to about 3500 BC.

Nabta Playa-Kiseiba Region
The Nabta Playa Kiseiba Region is located in the western desert of Egypt, where information concerning the Neolithic period of Africa is recorded.

Wheeled Vehicles
One important Neolithic invention was the wheeled cart. This useful way to haul stuff around enhanced trade, craft specialization, commerce, imperialism, and war. Oddly enough, we don't know who invented it.

A Photo Essay on the Malta Temples
A photo essay on the Malta Temples, ancient structures on the islands of Malta and Gozo in the Mediterranean Sea south of Sicily.

Ancient Farming
Ancient farming methods used by farmers throughout the world varied quite a bit. Farmers developed many ways to maintain soils, ward off frost and freeze cycles and protect their crops from animals. Here are a selection of ways ancient farming was conducted

Solstice at Stonehenge
You can't go visit the stones at Stonehenge on any given day--it's only open to visitors to wander through on the Solstices. But what amazing pictures professional photographers have taken!

Abbots Way (UK) - Neolithic Trackway of Abbots Way
Abbot's Way is a Neolithic trackway, first built about 2000 BC as a footpath to cross a lowland mire in the Somerset Levels and Moors wetland region of Somerset, England.

Dadiwan (China)
The Middle Neolithic archaeological site of Dadiwan is located within the upper reaches of the Yellow River near Shaodian in Qi'nan county, Gansu province of China.

Destination: Orkney Neolithic Heartland
On the Orkney Islands off the coast of Scotland can be found the Standing Stones of Stenness, the Ring of Brodgar and the Neolithic ruins of the Barnhouse Settlement and Skara Brae

Dikili Tash (Greece)
The Neolithic site of Dikili Tash (also called Philippoi) is a tell located in the Drama plain of eastern Macedonia in northern Greece.

Dinggong (China)
Dinggong is a Longshan village site in Zhouping County of Shandong Province, China, dated to the Late Neolithic period.

Dongshanzui (China)
Dongshanzui is the name of a Hongshan culture site in Kazuo county, Liaoning province, China, occupied between 4700-2920 BC.

Franchthi Cave (Greece)
Franchthi Cave was constantly occupied for thousands of years, beginning in the Upper Paleolithic period and with important Neolithic occupations, and wonderful preservation of bones and seeds throughout.

Excavations at Oslonski
A summary of six seasons of field work at this early farming site in Poland, by Peter Bogucki.

Completely online academic journal on the Neolithic period. Articles primarily in German, but some English articles and German articles have English abstracts.

Paleolithic, Mesolithic, and Neolithic Sequences at Franchthi Cave
From Dartmouth, a detailed discussion of Neolithic cultures in Greece.

Natufian culture
The Natufian culture was a group of sedentary people living in the Levant region of the middle east between about 9000-8500 BC.

Podgoritsa (Bulgaria)
Podgoritsa is an eneolithic tell site in northeastern Bulgaria.

The Goddess and the Bull: An Archaeological Journey
Michael Balter's book The Goddess and the Bull may be seen primarily as a biography: of the Neolithic site of Çatalhöyük, of the site excavators, and of the site's story as it has grown and changed throughout the years.

Sweet Track (UK) - Oldest Footpath in the World - Sweet Track
Sweet Track is the earliest known trackway--constructed footpath--in northern Europe built in the winter or early spring of 3807 or 3806 BC.

Varna (Bulgaria)
The Balkan Copper Age cemetery site of Varna is located near the resort town of the same name, on the Black Sea in coastal Bulgaria.

Çatalhöyük: Urban Life in Neolithic Anatolia
On the yellow plains of central Anatolia lie the remains of one of the oldest civilizations on earth. Called Çatalhöyük, the site ruins represent a village of 300 mud brick and plaster residences, based on a farming economy--in fact, the first farming community we've found to date.

Windmill Hill (United Kingdom)
Windmill Hill is a Neolithic causewayed enclosure, located near the far more famous site of Avebury in Wiltshire, England.

The Neolithic period, broadly defined, is the movement

Neolithic Sites in Europe
Raising crops and tending animals in Europe was a Neolithic practice that was learned by Europeans from the people who originated the ideas, in...

Neolithic Sites in China
Archaeological investigations of the ancient Yellow and Yangtze valleys have produced evidence of the earliest domesticates in east Asia: foxtail...

Neolithic Sites in West Asia
The Neolithic heartland--where the first plants and animals were domesticated--lies in western Asia. Here are a handful of important sites in the...

Begash (Kazakhstan)
Begash is an archaeological site in Kazakhstan, where evidence concerning the spread and transmission of agriculture has been identified.

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