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Religious Scholars of Archaeology

The connection between archaeology and religion is a strong one, not the least because many of its earliest practioners were religious scholars.

Bartolomé de las Casas [1484-1566]
Spanish Dominican priest Bartolomé de las Casas was one of the early Spanish visitors to the New World, arriving in Santo Domingo in 1502.

Bernabé Cobo [1582-1687]
Bernabé Cobo was a 17th century Spanish priest, who lived 61 years in Mexico and South America, and did his best to convert the Inca to Christianity.

Carlos de Siguenza y Gongora [1645-1700]
Don Carlos de Siguenza y Gongora was a Jesuit priest in Mexico City in the late 17th century, and an illustrious scholar of the New World.

Diego de Landa
Bishop de Landa is was the zealot Franciscan friar who came to the New World in 1549, and is known for both his destruction and preservation of the cultural traditions of the Aztecs and Maya people.

Father John MacEnery [1796-1841]
Father John MacEnery was a Roman Catholic priest in the early 19th century, who excavated in the ancient cave site called Kent's Cavern.

Fray Diego Durán [ca. 1537-1588]
Fray Diego Durán was a Spanish clergyman and ethnographer of the Aztec people, who was brought to Mexico as a child, and grew up in the Aztec capital city of Texcoco

Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda [1494-1573]
The Spanish priest Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda is best remembered an a participant in what must be among the most important debates in history, at least with regard to the Spanish colonies in Central and South America.

Pierre Teilhard de Chardin [1911-1955]
A biography of the Jesuit priest and paleontologist Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, from About's atheism guide, Austin Cline.

Pope Pius VI [1717-1775]
Pope Pius VI, born Giovanni Angelo Braschi, was interested in the new science of archaeology, financing the excavations of classical sites in Italy during the mid-18th century.

The Venerable Bede
A brief description of the 8th century AD monk and historian.

William Stukeley [1687-1765]
British doctor and clergyman William Stukeley is most frequently associated with Stonehenge, because he was the first to consider the structure as potentially aligned with the solstice.

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