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Claude Frédéric-Armand Schaeffer [1898-1982]


Definition: In 1929, French scholar Claude Schaeffer, curator of the Prehistoric and Gallo-Roman Museum of Strasbourg, with no previous field experience, was chosen to excavate at the Early Bronze age Phoenician state city of Ras Shamra (Ugarit) in Syria. Schaeffer dedicated the rest of his life to Ras Shamra, conducting archaeological expeditions and writing books on the site off right up until his death in 1982. Dunn-Vaturi, Anne-Elizabeth. 2003. Vounous: C.F.A. Schaeffer's excavations in 1933, tombs 49-79. Jonsered: P. Åströms.

Schaeffer, Claude Frédéric-Armand. 1962. Ugaritica IV: découvertes des XVIIIe et XIXe campagnes, 1954-1955, fondements préhistoriques d'Ugarit et nouveaux sondages, études anthropologiques, poteries grecques et monnaies islamiques de Ras Shamra et environs. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale : Librarie Orientaliste Paul Geunthner.
---1955. Le Palais royal d'Ugarit, publié sous la direction de Claude F.-A. Schaeffer. Paris, Impr. Nationale.
---1939. The cuneiform texts of Ras Shamra-Ugarit. London, Pub. for the British Academy, by H. Milford, Oxford University Press.
---1936. Ras Shamra, a brilliant intellectual centre over 3000 years ago; new light on the ancient Ugarit and fresh treasures excavated from the site. London.

This glossary entry is part of the Dictionary of Archaeology. Sources for the term include the references listed on the front page of the Dictionary, and the websites listed in the sidebar.
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