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Experiments in Projectile Point Technology

Bibliography of Projectile Point Experiments


Classic Levallois Point

Classic Levallois Point

José-Manuel Benito Álvarez

This brief projectile point bibliography includes recent articles from archaeologists about the functions of arrow and spear points, determined at least in part from experimental archaeology.

Akerman, Kim, Richard Fullagar, and Annelou van Gijn 2002 Weapons and wunan: Production, function and exchange of Kimberley points. Australian Aboriginal Studies 2002(1):13-42.

Andrefsky Jr., William 2006 Experimental and archaeological verification of an index of retouch for hafted bifaces. American Antiquity 71(4):743-758.

Bamforth, Douglas B. 1991 Flintknapping skill, communal hunting, and Paleoindian projectile point typology. Plains Anthropologist 36(137):309-322.

Barton, R. N. E. and Bergman, C. A. 1982. Hunters at Hengistbury: Some evidence from experimental archaeology. World Archaeology 14(2):237-248.

Bettinger, Robert L. and Jelmer Eerkens 1999 Point typologies, cultural transmission, and the spread of bow-and-arrow technology in the prehistoric Great Basin. American Antiquity 64(2):231-242.

Buchanan, Briggs and Mark Collard 2007 Investigating the peopling of North America through cladistic analyses of Early Paleoindian projectile points. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 26:366–393.

Buchanan, Briggs and Mark Collard 2008 Phenetics, cladistics, and the search for the Alaskan ancestors of the Paleoindians: a reassessment of relationships among the Clovis, Nenana, and Denali archaeological complexes. Journal of Archaeological Science 35(6):1683-1694.

Cheshier, Joseph and Robert L. Kelly 2006 Projectile point shape and durability: the effect of thickness: length. American Antiquity 71:353-364.

Christenson, Andrew L. 1986 Projectile point size and projectile aerodynamics: An exploratory study. Plains Anthropologist 31(112):109-128

Dinnis, R., A. Pawlik, and C. Gaillard 2009 Bladelet cores as weapon tips? Hafting residue identification and micro-wear analysis of three carinated burins from the late Aurignacian of Les Vachons, France. Journal of Archaeological Science 36(9):1922-1934.

Gero, Joan M. 1991 Genderlithics: Women's Roles in Stone Tool Production. pp 163-193 in Engendering Archaeology: Women and Prehistory, edited by Joan M. Gero and Margaret Wright Conkey. Wiley Blackwell, Oxford.

Henshilwood, Christopher S., et al. 2001 An early bone tool industry from the Middle Stone Age at Blombos Cave, South Africa: Implications for the origins of modern human behaviour, symbolism, and language. Journal of Human Evolution 41(6):631-678.

Letourneux, Claire and Jean-Marc Pétillon 2008 Hunting lesions caused by osseous projectile points: experimental results and archaeological implications. Journal of Archaeological Science 35(10):2849-2862.

Lombard, Marlize and Justin Pargeter 2008 Hunting with Howiesons Poort segments: pilot experimental study and the functional interpretation of archaeological tools. Journal of Archaeological Science 35(9):2523-2531.

Neumann, Thomas W. 1988 High Magnification Use-Wear Analysis of Projectile Points from Southeastern Minnesota. Plains Anthropologist 33(121):367-375.

Odell, George H. and Frank Cowan 1986. Experiments with Spears and Arrows on Animal Targets. Journal of Field Archaeology 13(2):195-212

Pyszczyk, Heinz W. 1999 Historic period metal projectile points and arrows, Alberta Canada: A theory for aboriginal arrow design on the Great Plains. Plains Anthropologist 44(168):163-187.

Samson, David R. 2006 Stones of contention: The Acheulean handaxe lethal projectile controversy. Lithic Technology 113(2):127-135.

Schmitt, Daniel, Steven E. Churchill, and William L. Hylander 2003 Experimental Evidence Concerning Spear Use in Neandertals and Early Modern Humans. Journal of Archaeological Science 30(1):103-114.

Shea, John J. 2006 The origins of lithic projectile point technology: evidence from Africa, the Levant, and Europe. Journal of Archaeological Science 33:823-846.

Shea, John, Zachary Davis, and Kyle Brown 2001 Experimental tests of Middle Palaeolithic spear points using a calibrated crossbow. Journal of Archaeological Science 28(8):807-816.

Shott, Michael. 1997. Stones and Shafts Redux: The Metric Discrimination of Prehistoric Dart and Arrow Points. American Antiquity 62:86-101.

Shott, Michael. 1993. Spears, Darts, and Arrows: Late Woodland Hunting Techniques in the Upper Ohio Valley. American Antiquity 58:425-443.

Shott, Michael. 2002. Weibull Estimation of Use-Life Distribution in Experimental Spear-Point Data. Lithic Technology 27:93-109.

Sisk, Matthew L. and John J. Shea 2009 Experimental use and quantitative performance analysis of triangular flakes (Levallois points) used as arrowheads. Journal of Archaeological Science 36(9):2039-2047.

Smith, Martin J., Megan B. Brickley, and Stephany L. Leach 2007 Experimental evidence for lithic projectile injuries: improving identification of an under-recognised phenomenon. Journal of Archaeological Science 34:540-553.

Villa, Paola, Paolo Boscato, Filomena Ranaldo, and Annamaria Ronchitelli 2009 Stone tools for the hunt: points with impact scars from a Middle Paleolithic site in southern Italy. Journal of Archaeological Science 36(3):850-859.

Waguespack, Nicole M., et al. 2009 Making a point: wood- versus stone-tipped projectiles. Antiquity 83:786–800.

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